Why Humans Like To Cry

Autor: Michael Trimble
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198713495
File Size: 78,23 MB
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Humans are unique in shedding tears of sorrow. We do not just cry over our own problems: we seek out sad stories, go to film and the theatre to see Tragedies, and weep in response to music. What led humans to develop such a powerful social signal as tears, and to cultivate great forms of art which have the capacity to arouse us emotionally? Friedrich Nietzsche argued that Dionysian drives and music were essential to the development of Tragedy. Here, the neuropsychiatrist Michael Trimble, using insights from modern neuroscience and evolutionary biology, attempts to understand this fascinating and unique aspect of human nature--Book jacket.

The Soul In The Brain

Autor: Michael R. Trimble
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801884818
File Size: 65,41 MB
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In this provocative study, Dr. Michael R. Trimble tackles the interrelation among brain function (especially language), neuropsychiatric disorders, and religion. By studying the breakdown of language in several neuropsychiatric disorders, scientists can identify areas of the brain involved with metaphor, poetry, music, and religion. Drawing on evidence from neuroanatomy, Trimble argues that religious experiences, including rituals and belief in God, are biologically derived and a product of our brains.

The Hidden Brain

Autor: Shankar Vedantam
Publisher: Spiegel & Grau
ISBN: 9781588369390
File Size: 10,55 MB
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The hidden brain is the voice in our ear when we make the most important decisions in our lives—but we’re never aware of it. The hidden brain decides whom we fall in love with and whom we hate. It tells us to vote for the white candidate and convict the dark-skinned defendant, to hire the thin woman but pay her less than the man doing the same job. It can direct us to safety when disaster strikes and move us to extraordinary acts of altruism. But it can also be manipulated to turn an ordinary person into a suicide terrorist or a group of bystanders into a mob. In a series of compulsively readable narratives, Shankar Vedantam journeys through the latest discoveries in neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral science to uncover the darkest corner of our minds and its decisive impact on the choices we make as individuals and as a society. Filled with fascinating characters, dramatic storytelling, and cutting-edge science, this is an engrossing exploration of the secrets our brains keep from us—and how they are revealed.

The God Part Of The Brain

Autor: Matthew Alper
Publisher: Sourcebooks, Inc.
ISBN: 1402236379
File Size: 62,53 MB
Format: PDF
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Is Man the product of a God...or is "God" the product of human evolution? From the dawn of our species, every human culture-no matter how isolated-has believed in some form of a spiritual realm. According to author Matthew Alper, this is no mere coincidence but rather due to the fact that humans, as a species, are genetically predisposed to believe in the universal concepts of a god, a soul and an afterlife. This instinct to believe is the result of an evolutionary adaptation-a coping mechanism-that emerged in our species to help us survive our unique and otherwise debilitating awareness of death. Spiritual seekers and atheists alike will be compelled and transformed by Matthew Alper's classic study of science and religion. The 'God' Part of the Brain has gained critical acclaim from some of the world's leading scientists, secular humanists, and theologians, and is as a must read for anyone who has pondered the question of God's existence, as well as the meaning of our own. Praise for The "God" Part of the Brain "This cult classic in many ways parallels Rene Descartes' search for reliable and certain knowledge...Drawing on such disciplines as philosophy, psychology, and biology, Alper argues that belief in a spiritual realm is an evolutionary coping method that developed to help humankind deal with the fear of death...Highly recommended."— Library Journal "I very much enjoyed the account of your spiritual journey and believe it would make excellent reading for every college student - the resultant residence-hall debates would be the best part of their education. It often occurs to me that if, against all odds, there is a judgmental God and heaven, it will come to pass that when the pearly gates open, those who had the valor to think for themselves will be escorted to the head of the line, garlanded, and given their own personal audience." — Edward O. Wilson, two-time Pulitzer Prize-Winner "This is an essential book for those in search of a scientific understanding of man's spiritual nature. Matthew Alper navigates the reader through a labyrinth of intriguing questions and then offers undoubtedly clear answers that lead to a better understanding of our objective reality." — Elena Rusyn, MD, PhD; Gray Laboratory; Harvard Medical School "What a wonderful book you have written. It was not only brilliant and provocative but also revolutionary in its approach to spirituality as an inherited trait."— Arnold Sadwin, MD, former chief of Neuropsychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania "A lively manifesto...For the discipline's specific application to the matter at hand, I've seen nothing that matches the fury of The 'God' Part of the Brain, which perhaps explains why it's earned something of a cult following." — Salon.com "All 6 billion plus inhabitants of Earth should be in possession of this book. Alper's tome should be placed in the sacred writings' section of libraries, bookstores, and dwellings throughout the world. Matthew Alper is the new Galileo...Immensely important...Defines in a clear and concise manner what each of us already knew but were afraid to admit and exclaim."— John Scoggins, PhD "Vibrant ... vivacious. An entertaining and provocative introduction to speculations concerning the neural basis of spirituality."— Free Inquiry Magazine

An Introduction To Neuroaesthetics

Autor: Jon O. Lauring
Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press
ISBN: 8763541408
File Size: 73,18 MB
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Hvad sker der i hjernen, når vi betragter et kunstværk eller lytter til et stykke musik? Og hvordan forklarer vi i det hele taget de domme, vi fælder over det skønne, det grimme, kunsten? Neuroæstetik er en ny, tværfaglig disciplin, der kombinerer filosofisk æstetik, neurobiologi og eksperimentel psykologi for at kunne forklare, hvorfor vi oplever nogle stimuli som tiltalende og andre som utiltalende. Med antologien An Introduction to Neuroaesthetics foreligger nu en bred indføring i neuroæstetikken, dens genstandsfelt og undersøgelsesmetoder. Bogens bidragydere er ledende forskere fra både ind- og udland, der på forskellig vis undersøger hjernemekanismerne bag kunstnerisk erfaring. Antologien indledes med en gennemgang af neuroæstetikkens videnskabelige rødder og væsentligste metoder og teorier. Herefter præsenteres en række studier af forholdet mellem biologiske stimuli og æstetisk oplevelse: fra ansigter og landskaber til litteratur og film; fra steder og arkitektur til musik og dans. Ved at kombinere data fra den nyeste teknologi med nogle af filosofiens ældste dilemmaer bygger antologien bro mellem to traditionelt adskilte felter – naturvidenskaben og humaniora – og giver et kvalificeret bud på, hvordan vi kan nærme os en forståelse af den æstetiske erfaring. Jon O. Lauring er cand.mag. i kunsthistorie og idéhistorie. Han er i øjeblikket gæsteforsker ved BRAINlab, Institut for Neurovidenskab og Farmakologi, Panum Instituttet, Københavns Universitet. Bidragydere: Marcos Nadal / Antoni Gomila / Alejandro Gálvez-Pol / Helmut Leder / Pablo P. L. Tinio / Jon O. Lauring / Alumit Ishai / Nicolai Rostrup / Jens Hjortkjær / David S. Miall / Torben Grodal / Mette Kramer / Beatriz Calvo-Merino / Julia F. Christensen / Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak / Julien Bogousslavsky / Oshin Vartanian. Advances in cognitive science have had a tremendous philosophical impact, offering new ways of thinking about topics such as who we are, what we know, and how we feel. But few topics are murkier—and have more to gain from cognitive science—than aesthetics. With this volume, Jon O. Lauring offers a cutting-edge introduction to the emerging field of neuroaesthetics. Gathering works from leading scholars all across the globe, the volume surveys the many ways we have taken what we have learned about our brains and nervous system and applied it to new understandings of art, beauty, and creativity. The contributors explore the biological underpinnings of aesthetic experience from a variety of angles. Opening with a look at neuroaesthetics’s historical antecedents and an outline of methods and theories, the book goes on to address a fascinating assortment of studies on biological stimuli and art, from faces and landscapes to literature and film, from places and architecture to music and dance. Simultaneously exploring data from the latest brain-imaging technology and addressing some of our most enduring philosophical quandaries, this volume offers a comprehensive look at a pivotal moment in aesthetics, which grows richer every day with new questions. Jon O. Lauring, MA in history of art and the history of ideas, is currently guest researcher at BRAINlab, Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology, Panum Institute, University of Copenhagen. Contributors: Marcos Nadal, Antoni Gomila, Alejandro Gálvez-Pol, Helmut Leder, Pablo P. L. Tinio, Jon O. Lauring, Alumit Ishai, Nicolai Rostrup, Jens Hjortkjær, David S. Miall, Torben Grodal, Mette Kramer, Beatriz Calvo-Merino, Julia F. Christen-sen, Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak, Julien Bogousslavsky, Oshin Vartanian.

Self Comes To Mind

Autor: Antonio Damasio
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 030747495X
File Size: 60,46 MB
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A leading neuroscientist addresses key questions about the origins and mechanisms of human consciousness, drawing on decades of research to challenge beliefs about the separateness of consciousness from the body while presenting a revisionist perspective built on traditional approaches. By the author of Descartes' Error. Reprint.

Why Only Humans Weep

Autor: Ad Vingerhoets
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191639974
File Size: 12,82 MB
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Crying has fascinated mankind for millenia. Since ancient times, we have known that emotional tears are a unique human characteristic. Unsurprisingly, over hundreds of years, scholars from different backgrounds have speculated about the origin and functions of human tears. According to Charles Darwin, tears fulfilled no adaptive function. And yet, this seems in sharp contrast to statements in the popular media about the significance of crying. Crying is thought to bring relief and is considered healthy - and withholding tears unhealthy. In addition, tears have been said to inhibit aggression in assaulters and to promote social bonding. Perhaps that could explain why tears have been so important in our evolution. Ad Vingerhoets is one of the few scientists in the world to have studied crying. He examines in Why only humans weep which claims about crying are scientifically tenable - which are fact and which are fiction? Though a psychologist, he doesn't just restrict himself to the current psychological literature, but also explores work in evolutionary biology, neurosciences, theology, art, history, and anthropology to provide an integrated perspective on this complex phenomenon. Written throughout in an academically accessible style, this book is groundbreaking in contributing to a modern scientific understanding of crying. It will have broad appeal to psychologists, psychiatrists, philosophers, biologists, and anthropologists.

Evolving Brains

Autor: John Allman
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN: 9780716760382
File Size: 43,75 MB
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How did the human brain with all its manifold capacities evolve from basic functions in simple organisms that lived nearly a billion years ago? John Allman addresses this question in Evolving Brains, a provocative study of brain evolution that introduces readers to some of the most exciting developments in science in recent years.

Survival Of The Prettiest

Autor: Nancy Etcoff
Publisher: Anchor
ISBN: 0307779114
File Size: 47,19 MB
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A provocative and thoroughly researched inquiry into what we find beautiful and why, skewering the myth that the pursuit of beauty is a learned behavior. In Survival of the Prettiest, Nancy Etcoff, a faculty member at Harvard Medical School and a practicing psychologist at Massachusetts General Hospital, argues that beauty is neither a cultural construction, an invention of the fashion industry, nor a backlash against feminism—it’s in our biology. Beauty, she explains, is an essential and ineradicable part of human nature that is revered and ferociously pursued in nearly every civilization—and for good reason. Those features to which we are most attracted are often signals of fertility and fecundity. When seen in the context of a Darwinian struggle for survival, our sometimes extreme attempts to attain beauty—both to become beautiful ourselves and to acquire an attractive partner—suddenly become much more understandable. Moreover, if we understand how the desire for beauty is innate, then we can begin to work in our own interests, and not just the interests of our genetic tendencies.

The One Thing Holding You Back

Autor: Raphael Cushnir
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0061977799
File Size: 44,63 MB
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"By the time you finish this book, there will be nothing holding you back."—from the Introduction Most people have a vision for their lives that they're not pursuing, half-heartedly pursuing, or pursuing with all their might yet somehow falling short. This vision can be modest or grand. It may involve breaking free of a destructive habit or finding a truly healthy relationship. It might have to do with making a real difference in the world or helping to lead a company to extraordinary success. In The One Thing Holding You Back, Raphael Cushnir, a leading voice in the world of personal and professional development, reveals that whenever people aren't living their dreams it's because they're not yet willing and able to feel specific emotions related to those dreams. Once we access and understand these emotions, our dreams can and will come true. Cushnir asserts that mere emotional awareness, commonly referred to as emotional intelligence, is not enough. For maximum benefit we must directly and consistently connect with our emotions. In particular, we need to connect with the emotions we routinely avoid, resist, or attempt to dismiss. It's these emotions that possess the key to our greatest goals. And learning to connect with them is another rarely taught but essential skill. The One Thing Holding You Back provides real solutions that can be implemented immediately and without external support and includes true stories of people who have put Cushnir's process to work and transformed their lives. Delivering a step-by-step program in accessible language, this landmark book will turn the obstacles in front of us into tremendous opportunities for achieving the life we always wanted.