Transport Developments And Innovations In An Evolving World

Autor: Michel Beuthe
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540248277
File Size: 54,92 MB
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The technological developments as well as urban future of an information age where the development of ICT sets the pace and options is explored in this book. The text examines the current state of daily travelling, and highlights the achievable impact and acceptability of transport policy measures. Freight transport is discussed from an industry viewpoint. In addition, the text presents various innovative approaches to rearranging current freight transport networks. Methods to evaluate the societal consensus related to the spatial development - linked to transport infrastructures - are also described. Still further, the text discuses methods for assessing spatial planning policies.

Advances In Spatial Econometrics

Autor: Luc Anselin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662056178
File Size: 22,80 MB
Format: PDF
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World-renowned experts in spatial statistics and spatial econometrics present the latest advances in specification and estimation of spatial econometric models. This includes information on the development of tools and software, and various applications. The text introduces new tests and estimators for spatial regression models, including discrete choice and simultaneous equation models. The performance of techniques is demonstrated through simulation results and a wide array of applications related to economic growth, international trade, knowledge externalities, population-employment dynamics, urban crime, land use, and environmental issues. An exciting new text for academics with a theoretical interest in spatial statistics and econometrics, and for practitioners looking for modern and up-to-date techniques.

Spatial Econometrics

Autor: Giuseppe Arbia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540323058
File Size: 38,87 MB
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This book bridges the gap between economic theory and spatial econometric techniques. It is accessible to those with only a basic statistical background and no prior knowledge of spatial econometric methods. It provides a comprehensive treatment of the topic, motivating the reader with examples and analysis. The volume provides a rigorous treatment of the basic spatial linear model, and it discusses the violations of the classical regression assumptions that occur when dealing with spatial data.

Is Transport Infrastructure Effective

Autor: Piet Rietveld
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642722326
File Size: 23,78 MB
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When in 1989 the authors started research on infrastructure, they did not foresee that this would lead to a long-term involvement in this area. Our beginning happened to coincide with the publication of David Aschauer's article on public capital and productivity, which induced a large flow of publications in this field. Infrastructure has indeed been a hot topic in policy and research during the past decade. It is surprising, however, that the number of monographs on spatial and economic impacts of infrastructure has remained very limited. The aim of this book is to contribute to the literature in a consolidated way. A distinguishing feature of our book is that we analyze infrastructure impacts using various methods (both modelling and non-modelling) at a variety of spatial levels (from local to international). Other special features are that we make ample use of 'accessibility' as a bridge concept between the areas of infrastructure and the economy. Finally, we not only treat transport infrastructure projects as given, as is the usual approach in infrastructure impact research, but we also analyze the factors influencing infrastructure supply. We have adopted a mainly non-technical approach throughout most of the book. This means that it can also be used by readers without a strong back ground in statistics, modelling or micro-economics.

The Geography Of Transport Systems

Autor: Jean-Paul Rodrigue
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1317210107
File Size: 60,47 MB
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This expanded and revised fourth edition of The Geography of Transport Systems provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field with a broad overview of its concepts, methods and areas of application. Aimed mainly at an undergraduate audience, it provides an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation and focuses on how the mobility of passengers and freight is linked with geography. The book is divided in ten chapters, each covering a specific conceptual dimension, including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts, and updated with the latest information available. The fourth edition offers new material on the issues of transport and the economy, city logistics, supply chains, security, energy, the environment, as well as a revised content structure. With over 160 updated photographs, figures and maps, The Geography of Transport Systems presents transportation systems at different scales ranging from global to local and focuses on different contexts such as North America, Europe and East Asia. This volume is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interested in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering. A companion web site, which contains additional material, has been developed for the book and can be found here: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/

Complexity And Spatial Networks

Autor: Aura Reggiani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642015540
File Size: 55,32 MB
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Complex systems analysis has become a fascinating topic in modern research on non-linear dynamics, not only in the physical sciences but also in the life sciences and the social sciences. After the era of bifurcation theory, chaos theory, syn- getics, resilience analysis, network dynamics and evolutionary thinking, currently we observe an increasing interest in critical transitions of dynamic real-world systems in many disciplines, such as demography, biology, psychology, economics, earth sciences, geology, seismology, medical sciences, and so on. The relevance of this approach is clearly re?ected in such phenomena as traf?c congestion, ?nancial crisis, ethnic con?icts, eco-system breakdown, health failures, etc. This has prompted a world-wide interest in complex systems. Geographical space is one of the playgrounds for complex dynamics, as is witnessed by population movements, transport ?ows, retail developments, urban expansion, lowland ?ooding and so forth. All such dynamic phenomena have one feature in common: the low predictability of uncertain interrelated events occurring at different interconnected spatio-temporal scale levels and often originating from different disciplinary backgrounds. The study of the associated non-linear (fast and slow) dynamic transition paths calls for a joint research effort of scientists from different disciplines in order to understand the nature, the roots and the con- quences of unexpected or unpredictable changes in complex spatial systems.

Applied Regional Growth And Innovation Models

Autor: Karima Kourtit
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642378196
File Size: 48,99 MB
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Modern spatial-economic systems exhibit a high degree of dynamics as a result of technological progress, demographic evolution or global change. In the past decade, an avalanche of new regional economic growth and innovation models has been put forward. This volume contains a unique collection of operational models of a strong applied nature that may be seen as original landmarks in the rich tradition of spatial-economic growth modelling. The contributors are recognized experts from different parts of the world. ​

Advances In Urban Systems Modelling

Autor: Bruce Hutchinson
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
ISBN:
File Size: 61,31 MB
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Planning has seen many changes in its central concerns and approaches in response to the state of the world with which it has had to deal. It is already almost twenty-five years ago that the science of urban modelling entered the planning area. Time and innovation have inevitably brought about advances in the theory and practice of this science, the pertinence of which is clearly demonstrated by the fact that planners still often lack convincing answers to the problems confronting them. In an attempt to clarify and tackle these problems, the present volume analyzes the role, development and applications of models in urban systems.