The Cosmic Century

Autor: M. S. Longair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521474361
File Size: 60,25 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 6406
Download or Read Book
Reviews the historical development of all the key areas of modern astrophysics.

Conceptions Of Cosmos

Autor: Helge Kragh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199209162
File Size: 28,59 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 6048
Download or Read Book
This book is a historical account of how natural philosophers and scientists have endeavoured to understand the universe at large, first in a mythical and later in a scientific context. Starting with the creation stories of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, the book covers all the major events in theoretical and observational cosmology, from Aristotle's cosmos over the Copernican revolution to the discovery of the accelerating universe in the late 1990s. It presents cosmology as asubject including scientific as well as non-scientific dimensions, and tells the story of how it developed into a true science of the heavens. Contrary to most other books in the history of cosmology, it offers an integrated account of the development with emphasis on the modern Einsteinian andpost-Einsteinian period. Starting in the pre-literary era, it carries the story onwards to the early years of the 21st century.

High Energy Astrophysics

Autor: Malcolm S. Longair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139494546
File Size: 78,59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 1449
Download or Read Book
Providing students with an in-depth account of the astrophysics of high energy phenomena in the Universe, the third edition of this well-established textbook is ideal for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate courses in high energy astrophysics. Building on the concepts and techniques taught in standard undergraduate courses, this textbook provides the astronomical and astrophysical background for students to explore more advanced topics. Special emphasis is given to the underlying physical principles of high energy astrophysics, helping students understand the essential physics. The third edition has been completely rewritten, consolidating the previous editions into one volume. It covers the most recent discoveries in areas such as gamma-ray bursts, ultra-high energy cosmic rays and ultra-high energy gamma rays. The topics have been rearranged and streamlined to make them more applicable to a wide range of different astrophysical problems.

Principles Of Cosmology And Gravitation

Autor: Michael V Berry
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780852740378
File Size: 74,25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 499
Download or Read Book
General relativity and quantum mechanics have become the two central pillars of theoretical physics. Moreover, general relativity has important applications in astrophysics and high-energy particle physics. Covering the fundamentals of the subject, Principles of Cosmology and Gravitation describes the universe as revealed by observations and presents a theoretical framework to enable important cosmological formulae to be derived and numerical calculations performed. Avoiding elaborate formal discussions, the book presents a practical approach that focuses on the general theory of relativity. It examines different evolutionary models and the gravitational effects of massive bodies. The book also includes a large number of worked examples and problems, half with solutions.

Theoretical Concepts In Physics

Autor: M. S. Longair
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521528788
File Size: 18,19 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 7024
Download or Read Book
A novel and integrated approach to physics, covering background history, basic tools and modern techniques.

Mapping The Heavens

Autor: Priyamvada Natarajan
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300204418
File Size: 68,29 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 8868
Download or Read Book
For all curious readers, a lively introduction to radical ideas and discoveries that are transforming our knowledge of the universe This book provides a tour of the "greatest hits" of cosmological discoveries--the ideas that reshaped our universe over the past century. The cosmos, once understood as a stagnant place, filled with the ordinary, is now a universe that is expanding at an accelerating pace, propelled by dark energy and structured by dark matter. Priyamvada Natarajan, our guide to these ideas, is someone at the forefront of the research--an astrophysicist who literally creates maps of invisible matter in the universe. She not only explains for a wide audience the science behind these essential ideas but also provides an understanding of how radical scientific theories gain acceptance. The formation and growth of black holes, dark matter halos, the accelerating expansion of the universe, the echo of the big bang, the discovery of exoplanets, and the possibility of other universes--these are some of the puzzling cosmological topics of the early twenty-first century. Natarajan discusses why the acceptance of new ideas about the universe and our place in it has never been linear and always contested even within the scientific community. And she affirms that, shifting and incomplete as science always must be, it offers the best path we have toward making sense of our wondrous, mysterious universe.

Cosmology

Autor: Norriss S. Hetherington
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780815309345
File Size: 63,95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 1924
Download or Read Book
A most interesting collection of detailed but accessible contributions examining cosmology from multiple perspectives. The 31 chapters are organized in nine sections: cosmology and culture, the Greeks' geometrical cosmos, medieval cosmology and literature, the scientific revolution, galaxies--from speculation to science, the expanding universe, particle physics and cosmology, cosmology and philosophy, and cosmology and religion. Each section is individually introduced. Paper edition (unseen), $18.95. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

A History Of Astronomy

Autor: Anton Pannekoek
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486659941
File Size: 40,60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 7010
Download or Read Book
Well-balanced, carefully reasoned study covers such topics as Ptolemaic theory, work of Copernicus, Kepler, Newton, Eddington's work on stars, much more. Illustrated. References.

Cosmos

Autor: John North
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226594416
File Size: 58,93 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 1481
Download or Read Book
The definitive history of humanity's search to find its place within the universe. North charts the history of astronomy and cosmology from the Paleolithic period to the present day.

Dark Matter And Cosmic Web Story

Autor: Jaan Einasto
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814551066
File Size: 62,29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 4837
Download or Read Book
The concepts of dark matter and the cosmic web are some of the most significant developments in cosmology in the past century. They have decisively changed the classical cosmological paradigm, which was first elaborated upon during the first half of the 20th century but ran into serious problems in the second half. Today, they are integral parts of modern cosmology, which explains everything from the Big Bang to inflation to the large scale structure of the Universe. Dark Matter and Cosmic Web Story describes the contributions that led to a paradigm shift from the Eastern point of view. It describes the problems with the classical view, the attempts to solve them, the difficulties encountered by those solutions, and the conferences where the merits of the new concepts were debated. Amidst the science, the story of scientific work in a small country occupied by the Soviet Union and the tumultuous events that led to its breakup are detailed as well. This book is accompanied by a website which contains additional material: copies of the originals of some crucial papers, astronomical movies, and movies which showcase the private life of the author. The link is given below: http://www.aai.ee/~einasto/DarkMatter/ Contents:PrologueClassical Cosmological ParadigmGalactic Models and Dark Matter in the Solar VicinityGlobal Dark MatterThe Cosmic WebThe Nature of Dark MatterThe Structure of the Cosmic WebCosmic Inflation, Dark Energy and the Evolution of the UniverseEpilogue Readership: Students and professionals in astrophysics, cosmology and physics; non-experts interested in the history of science, and the life and social activity of scientists in a country occupied by Soviet Union for 50 years. Keywords:Dark Matter;Cosmic Web;Large-Scale Structure of the UniverseKey Features:The development of the concepts of dark matter and the cosmic web as a change in the worldview (paradigm) in cosmology is describedA personal view of the development of dark matter and cosmic web concepts as seen by a non-Western scientistDescription of scientific work and social activity in a small country occupied by the Soviet Union; the participation of scientists in processes which led to the collapse of the Soviet Empire, and to the end of the Cold WarReviews: “A deeply humane but also political account, the book offers a fascinating insider tour into one of the most important processes of cosmology. Einasto a pioneer of dark matter research offers a thorough scientific description of the discovery of dark matter.” Anne Liljeström Editor Stars and Universe “A fascinating combination of the scientific history of dark matter with personal recollections, by an author who was there both for the discovery of DM and for the (singing revolution) in Estonia.” Virginia Trimble Professor of Astronomy University of California, Irvine