The Cognitive Basis Of Science

Autor: Peter Carruthers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521011778
File Size: 79,85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 9239
Download or Read Book
A volume of interdisciplinary essays addressing the question: what makes science possible?

Mindreaders

Autor: Ian Apperly
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136846719
File Size: 74,25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 3119
Download or Read Book
Theory of mind, or "mindreading" as it is termed in this book, is the ability to think about beliefs, desires, knowledge and intentions. It has been studied extensively by developmental and comparative psychologists and more recently by neuroscientists and cognitive psychologists. This book is the first to draw together these diverse findings in an account of the cognitive basis of "theory of mind", and establishes the systematic study of these abilities in adults as a new field of enquiry. Apperly focuses on perceptions, knowledge and beliefs as paradigm cases of mindreading, and uses this as a basis from which more general lessons can be drawn. The book argues that an account of the cognitive basis of mindreading is necessary for making sense of findings from neuroscience and developmental and comparative psychology, as well as for understanding how mindreading fits more broadly into the cognitive system. It questions standard philosophical accounts of mindreading, and suggests a move away from the notion that it consists simply of having a "theory of mind". This unique study into the cognitive basis of mindreading will be ideal reading for academics and advanced students from the diverse disciplines that have studied theory of mind in particular, and social cognition more generally.

The Cognitive Basis Of Institutions

Autor: Shinji Teraji
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128120452
File Size: 50,34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 6052
Download or Read Book
The Cognitive Basis of Institutions: A Synthesis of Behavioral and Institutional Economics synthesizes modern research in behavioral economics with traditional institutional economics. This work emphasizes that institution and agent are inextricably linked, and that both cognitive and institutional processes coalesce to influence human decision-making. It integrates cognition and institution through the behavioral economics theoretical lens of bounded rationality. Methodologically, it develops game-theoretical, complexity and neuroeconomic solutions to unite study of the two areas. The work concludes by proposing general implications for the economic study of decisions using the cognitive-institutional approach, also providing specific recommendations for public policy. Reveals how institutional structures and individual actions interact and coevolve cognitively Connects individual decision-making, decision-making processes and institutional formation Unites our understanding of cooperative ‘prosocial’ behavior with the institutional dynamics that may create it Discusses the implications of the behavioral-institutional paradigm for paternalism and libertarianism in public policy

The Architecture Of The Mind

Autor: Peter Carruthers
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191525812
File Size: 13,59 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 228
Download or Read Book
This book is a comprehensive development and defense of one of the guiding assumptions of evolutionary psychology: that the human mind is composed of a large number of semi-independent modules. The Architecture of the Mind has three main goals. One is to argue for massive mental modularity. Another is to answer a 'How possibly?' challenge to any such approach. The first part of the book lays out the positive case supporting massive modularity. It also outlines how the thesis should best be developed, and articulates the notion of 'module' that is in question. Then the second part of the book takes up the challenge of explaining how the sorts of flexibility and creativity that are distinctive of the human mind could possibly be grounded in the operations of a massive number of modules. Peter Carruthers's third aim is to show how the various components of the mind are likely to be linked and interact with one another - indeed, this is crucial to demonstrating how the human mind, together with its familiar capacities, can be underpinned by a massively modular set of mechanisms. He outlines and defends the basic framework of a perception / belief / desire / planning / motor-control architecture, as well as detailing the likely components and their modes of connectivity. Many specific claims about the place within this architecture of natural language, of a mind-reading system, and others are explained and motivated. A number of novel proposals are made in the course of these discussions, one of which is that creative human thought depends upon a prior kind of creativity of action. Written with unusual clarity and directness, and surveying an extensive range of research in cognitive science, this book will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in the nature and organization of the mind.

Repetition Compulsion

Autor: Maria Agit, Ed.D.
Publisher: Dorrance Publishing
ISBN: 148092749X
File Size: 43,90 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 9934
Download or Read Book
Repetition Compulsion: Understanding the Cognitive Basis By Maria Agit, Ed.D. Repetition Compulsion: Understanding the Cognitive Basis studies the effect of trauma on cognition. Specifically, the author’s focus is on visual memory. Maria Agit, Ed.D. writes to refute contemporary literature on cognition and memory. A patient who has experienced trauma struggles to differentiate between daily life and the trauma. Unable to separate the old patterns of trauma with the new stimuli, the patient cannot react appropriately. The root of this inability is the patient’s impaired visual memory and failure to symbolize. This affects the patient’s perception and recall of a transformed representation of knowledge. Agit’s work with trauma and loss, as well as her studies with cognitive processes, give her fresh insight into new therapies. Trauma can only subside when the individual embraces the memories and realizes that the separation has happened and cannot be undone. Therapy with cognitive processing and understanding of the hippocampus allows the patient to recognize the new environment – and therefore create new patterns of meaning and behavior.

Scientific Foundations Of Cognitive Theory And Therapy Of Depression

Autor: David A. Clak
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471189701
File Size: 77,24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 8568
Download or Read Book
Based on decades of theory, research, and practice, this seminal book presents a detailed and comprehensive review, evaluation, and integration of the scientific and empirical research relevant to Aaron T. Beck's cognitive theory and therapy of depression. Since its emergence in the early 1960s, Beck's cognitive perspective has become one of the most influential and well-researched psychological theories of depression. Over 900 scientific and scholarly references are contained in the present volume, providing the most current and exhaustive evaluation of the scientific status of the cognitive theory of depression. Though the application of cognitive therapy has been well documented in the publication of treatment manuals, the cognitive theory of depression has not been presented in a unified manner until the publication of this book. Coauthored by the father of cognitive therapy, Scientific Foundations of Cognitive Theory and Therapy of Depression offers the most complete and authoritative account of Beck's theory of depression since the publication of Depression: Causes and Treatment in 1967. Through its elaboration of recent theoretical developments in cognitive theory and its review of contemporary cognitive-clinical research, the book represents the current state of the art in cognitive approaches to depression. As a result of its critical examination of cognitive-clinical research and experimental information processing, the authors offer many insights into the future direction for research on the cognitive basis of depression. The first half of the book focuses on a presentation of the clinical phenomena of depression and the current version of cognitive theory. After outlining important questions that have been raised with the diagnosis of depression, the book then traces the historical development of Beck's cognitive theory and therapy through the 1960s and '70s. It presents the theoretical assumptions of the model and offers a detailed account of the most current version of the cognitive formulation of depression. The second half of the book provides an in-depth analysis of the empirical status of the descriptive and vulnerability hypotheses of the cognitive model. Drawing on over three decades of research, the book delves into the scientific basis of numerous hypotheses derived from cognitive theory, including negativity, exclusivity, content specificity, primacy, universality, severity/persistence, selective processing, schema activation, primal processing, stability, diathesis-stress, symptom specificity, and differential treatment responsiveness. "In 1967 the first detailed description of the cognitive theory of depression was published in Depression: Causes and Treatment by one of us, Aaron T. Beck. The basic concepts of the theory laid out in that volume still provide the foundation for the cognitive model 30 years later. As well the first systematic investigations of the theory described in the 1967 volume contributed to a paradigmatic shift in theory, research, and treatment of depression that resulted in a very vigorous and widespread research initiative on the cognitive basis of depression. The present book is intended to provide a comprehensive and critical update of the developments in cognitive theory and research on depression that have occurred since the initial publication in the 1960s."--David A. Clark, from the Preface.

The Cognitive Basis Of Aesthetics

Autor: Elena Fell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317228669
File Size: 74,48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 749
Download or Read Book
This book seeks to fill a void in contemporary aesthetics scholarship by considering the cognitive features that make the aesthetic and artistic worthy of philosophical study. Aesthetic cognition has been largely abandoned by analytical philosophy, which instead tends to focus its attention on the ‘non-exhibited’ properties of artwork or issues concerning semantic and syntactic structure. The Cognitive Basis of Aesthetics innovatively seeks to correct the marginalization of aesthetics in analytical philosophy by reinterpreting aesthetic cognition through an integration of Ernst Cassirer’s philosophy of symbolic forms with Paul Crowther’s theory of imagination and philosophy of art. This integration has three important outcomes: 1) it explains why the aesthetic and artistic constitute a unique form of knowledge; 2) it shows the role this plays in the formation of aesthetics as a discipline; and 3) it describes why aesthetic cognition is so deeply engaging. This book’s unique theoretical approach engages with important works of visual, conceptual, and digital art, as well as literature, music, and theatre.

Concept Image And Symbol

Autor: Ronald W. Langacker
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110172805
File Size: 66,78 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 5424
Download or Read Book
This classic research monograph develops and illustrates the theory of linguistic structure known as Cognitive Grammar, and applies it to representative phenomena in English and other languages. Cognitive grammar views language as an integral facet of cognition and claims that grammatical structure cannot be understood or revealingly described independently of semantic considerations.

Philosophy Of Psychology And Cognitive Science

Autor:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080466620
File Size: 53,69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 4021
Download or Read Book
Psychology is the study of thinking, and cognitive science is the interdisciplinary investigation of mind and intelligence that also includes philosophy, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. In these investigations, many philosophical issues arise concerning methods and central concepts. The Handbook of Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science contains 16 essays by leading philosophers of science that illuminate the nature of the theories and explanations used in the investigation of minds. Topics discussed include representation, mechanisms, reduction, perception, consciousness, language, emotions, neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology. Comprehensive coverage of philosophy of psychology and cognitive science Distinguished contributors: leading philosophers in this area Contributions closely tied to relevant scientific research