Regeneration Through Empire

Autor: Margaret Cook Andersen
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803244975
File Size: 25,87 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 1088
Download or Read Book
Following France’s defeat in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870–71, French patriots feared that their country was in danger of becoming a second-rate power in Europe. Decreasing birth rates had largely slowed French population growth, and the country’s population was not keeping pace with that of its European neighbors. To regain its standing in the European world, France set its sights on building a vast colonial empire while simultaneously developing a policy of pronatalism to reverse these demographic trends. Though representing distinct political movements, colonial supporters and pronatalist organizations were born of the same crisis and reflected similar anxieties concerning France’s trajectory and position in the world. Regeneration through Empire explores the intersection between colonial lobbyists and pronatalists in France’s Third Republic. Margaret Cook Andersen argues that as the pronatalist movement became more organized at the end of the nineteenth century, pronatalists increasingly understood their demographic crisis in terms that transcended the boundaries of the metropole and began to position the French empire, specifically its colonial holdings in North Africa and Madagascar, as a key component in the nation’s regeneration. Drawing on an array of primary sources from French archives, Regeneration through Empire is the first book to analyze the relationship between depopulation and imperialism.

The Civilizing Mission In The Metropole

Autor: Amelia H. Lyons
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 080478714X
File Size: 11,85 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 1832
Download or Read Book
France, which has the largest Muslim minority community in Europe, has been in the news in recent years because of perceptions that Muslims have not integrated into French society. The Civilizing Mission in the Metropole explores the roots of these debates through an examination of the history of social welfare programs for Algerian migrants from the end of World War II until Algeria gained independence in 1962. After its colonization in 1830, Algeria fought a bloody war of decolonization against France, as France desperately fought to maintain control over its most prized imperial possession. In the midst of this violence, some 350,000 Algerians settled in France. This study examines the complex and often-contradictory goals of a welfare network that sought to provide services and monitor Algerian migrants' activities. Lyons particularly highlights family settlement and the central place Algerian women held in French efforts to transform the settled community. Lyons questions myths about Algerian immigration history and exposes numerous paradoxes surrounding the fraught relationship between France and Algeria—many of which echo in French debates about Muslims today.

The Other Americans In Paris

Autor: Nancy L. Green
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022613752X
File Size: 15,23 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 6390
Download or Read Book
While Gertrude Stein hosted the literati of the Left Bank, Mrs. Bates-Batcheller, an American socialite and concert singer in Paris, held sumptuous receptions for the Daughters of the American Revolution in her suburban villa. History may remember the American artists, writers, and musicians of the Left Bank best, but the reality is that there were many more American businessmen, socialites, manufacturers’ representatives, and lawyers living on the other side of the River Seine. Be they newly minted American countesses married to foreigners with impressive titles or American soldiers who had settled in France after World War I with their French wives, they provide a new view of the notion of expatriates. Nancy L. Green thus introduces us for the first time to a long-forgotten part of the American overseas population—predecessors to today’s expats—while exploring the politics of citizenship and the business relationships, love lives, and wealth (and poverty for some) of Americans who staked their claim to the City of Light. The Other Americans in Paris shows that elite migration is a part of migration tout court and that debates over “Americanization” have deep roots in the twentieth century.

The Force Of Beauty

Autor: Holly Grout
Publisher: LSU Press
ISBN: 0807159891
File Size: 72,24 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 3223
Download or Read Book
The market for commercial beauty products exploded in Third Republic France, with a proliferation of goods promising to erase female imperfections and perpetuate an aesthetic of femininity that conveyed health and respectability. While the industry's meteoric growth helped to codify conventional standards of womanhood, The Force of Beauty goes beyond the narrative of beauty culture as a tool for sociopolitical subjugation to show how it also targeted women as important consumers in major markets and created new avenues by which they could express their identities and challenge or reinforce gender norms. As cosmetics companies and cultural media, from magazines to novels to cinema, urged women to aspire to commercial standards of female perfection, beauty evolved as a goal to be pursued rather than a biological inheritance. The products and techniques that enabled women to embody society's feminine ideal also taught them how to fashion their bodies into objects of desire and thus offered a subversive tool of self-expression. Holly Grout explores attempts by commercial beauty culture to reconcile a standard of respectability with female sexuality, as well as its efforts to position French women within the global phenomenon of changing views on modern womanhood. Grout draws on a wide range of primary sources-hygiene manuals, professional and legal debates about the right to fabricate and distribute "medicines," advertisements for beauty products, and contemporary fiction and works of art-to explore how French women navigated changing views on femininity. Her seamless integration of gender studies with business history, aesthetics, and the history of medicine results in a textured and complex study of the relationship between the politics of womanhood and the politics of beauty.

The Glitter Plan

Autor: Pamela Skaist-Levy
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1592409350
File Size: 74,13 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 736
Download or Read Book
While working together at a LA boutique, Pamela Skaist-Levy and Gela Nash-Taylor became friends over the impossibility of finding the perfect T-shirt. Following their vision of comfortable, fitted T-shirts, they set up shop in Gela's one-bedroom Hollywood apartment with £200 and one rule: Whatever they did, they both had to be obsessed by it. The best friends' project became Juicy Couture. Pam and Gela eventually sold their company to Liz Claiborne for £50 million, but not before they created a whole new genre of casual clothing that came to define California cool.

Architecture Of First Societies

Autor: Mark M. Jarzombek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118421051
File Size: 27,34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 942
Download or Read Book
“This book is the most comprehensively global and critically sensitive synthesis of what we now know of the material and socio-cultural evolution of the so-called First Societies. Written by a distinguished architectural historian and theorist, this truly remarkable and indispensable study shows how the material culture of our forebears, from building to clothing, food, ritual and dance, was inextricably bound up with the mode of survival obtained in a particular place and time…It is a study that will surely become required reading for every student of material culture.”—Kenneth Frampton Starting with the dawn of human society, through early civilizations, to the pre-Columbian American tribes, Architecture of First Societies: A Global Perspective traces the different cultural formations that developed in various places throughout the world to form the built environment. Looking through the lens of both time and geography, the history of early architecture is brought to life with full-color photographs, maps, and drawings. Drawing on the latest research in archaeological and anthropological knowledge, this landmark book also looks at how indigenous societies build today in order to help inform the past.

La Llorona S Children

Autor: Luis Leon
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520223519
File Size: 36,29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Read: 2108
Download or Read Book
"A new interpretive map of the borderlands as space, trope, meaning, and creative landscape inhabited and reimagined by Mexican and Mexican American peoples. Leon weaves together saints, healers, writers, movements and ideas with skill, bringing a fresh critical mind to Chicano/Latino and Religious studies."—David Carrasco, Neil L. Rudenstine Professor of the Study of Latin America, Harvard University "In this sweeping and ambitious book, Leon explores Mexican and Chicano religious practices that move 'beyond' colonialism . . . ."—José David Saldivar

Promoting The Colonial Idea

Autor: T. Chafer
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1403919429
File Size: 25,35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 5599
Download or Read Book
Challenging the notion that there was no 'popular imperialism' in France, this important new book examines the importance of France's colonial role in the development of French society and culture after 1870. It assesses the impact of colonial propaganda on public attitudes in France and the relationship between French imperialism, republicanism and nationalism. It analyses metropolitan representations of empire, traces the development of a colonial 'science' and discusses the enduring importance of images and symbols of empire in contemporary France. It will be of interest to students of imperial, social and cultural history as well as to historians of contemporary France.

Indian Arrivals 1870 1915

Autor: Elleke Boehmer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191061719
File Size: 47,94 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 2536
Download or Read Book
Indian Arrivals 1870-1915: Networks of British Empire explores the rich and complicated landscape of intercultural contact between Indians and Britons on British soil at the height of empire, as reflected in a range of literary writing, including poetry and life-writing. The book's four decade-based case studies, leading from 1870 and the opening of the Suez Canal, to the first years of the Great War, investigate from several different textual and cultural angles the central place of India in the British metropolitan imagination at this relatively early stage for Indian migration. Focussing on a range of remarkable Indian 'arrivants' — scholars, poets, religious seekers, and political activists including Toru Dutt and Sarojini Naidu, Mohandas Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore — Indian Arrivals examines the take-up in the metropolis of the influences and ideas that accompanied their transcontinental movement, including concepts of the west and of cultural decadence, of urban modernity and of cosmopolitan exchange. If, as is now widely accepted, vocabularies of inhabitation, education, citizenship and the law were in many cases developed in colonial spaces like India, and imported into Britain, then, the book suggests, the presence of Indian travellers and migrants needs to be seen as much more central to Britain's understanding of itself, both in historical terms and in relation to the present-day. The book demonstrates how the colonial encounter in all its ambivalence and complexity inflected social relations throughout the empire, including at its heart, in Britain itself: Indian as well as other colonial travellers enacted the diversity of the empire on London's streets.

Gardens Of Eden

Autor:
Publisher: The Miegunyah Press
ISBN: 0522857760
File Size: 35,60 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 9646
Download or Read Book
Beautiful gardens can steal your breath and feed your soul. Gardens of Eden brings together more than fifty of the world's most beautiful gardens. Spanning time and continents, this book visits the glorious paradise gardens of ancient Persia, the restrained gardens of Italy and the Buddhist-inspired landscapes of China and Japan. Illustrated by more than 500 photographs, this tour takes in such gardens as Les Jardins du Paradis in Cordes-sur-Ciel, France; Nooroo in Australia's Blue Mountains; Villa Lante in Tuscany, Italy-the greatest and most perfect example of High Renaissance art and gardening-and the ancient gardens of Kyoto, Japan. It also surveys gardens in which some of the world's greatest writers found inspiration, such as Vita Sackville-West's Sissinghurst in Kent, and where politicians found solace, such as George Washington's Mount Vernon Estate.