Political Struggles And The Forging Of Autonomous Government Agencies

Autor: Cristopher Ballinas Valdés
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230307957
File Size: 61,60 MB
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Argues that autonomous agencies are not the result of a systematic design, but are produced by the interactions of political and bureaucratic forces. The case studies illustrate how political struggles between politicians and bureaucrats can create a muddle of agencies that lack coherence and are subject to conflicting levels of political control.

Government Agencies

Autor: K. Verhoest
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230359515
File Size: 57,59 MB
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This book describes and compares how semi-autonomous agencies are created and governed by 30 governments. It leads practitioners and researchers through the crowded world of agencies, describing their tasks, autonomy, control and history. Evidence-based lessons and recommendations are formulated to improve agencification policies in post-NPM times.

Government Transparency

Autor: Tero Erkkilä
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230300057
File Size: 58,60 MB
Format: PDF
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PART I: BACKGROUND AND THEORY Introduction Paradoxes and Unintended Consequences of Transparency PART II: TRANSPARENCY AND CENTRAL STEERING Transparency and Ideational Changes: Nordic Openness as a Policy Discourse Transparency and Institutions of Public Accountability PART III: ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS NPM, Budget Transparency and Census Information New Domains of Openness and Transparency: Performing Foreign Affairs PART IV Conclusions Bibliography.

Frontiers Of Governance

Autor: L. Pal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230369014
File Size: 54,29 MB
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The first detailedanalysis of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) influence on global public sector reform. Based on extensive interviews and internal documents, this book explores the evolution of the OECD's approach to governance issues over the last 50 years and what its future agenda should be.

Reputation And Power

Autor: Daniel Carpenter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400835119
File Size: 61,65 MB
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The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is the most powerful regulatory agency in the world. How did the FDA become so influential? And how exactly does it wield its extraordinary power? Reputation and Power traces the history of FDA regulation of pharmaceuticals, revealing how the agency's organizational reputation has been the primary source of its power, yet also one of its ultimate constraints. Daniel Carpenter describes how the FDA cultivated a reputation for competence and vigilance throughout the last century, and how this organizational image has enabled the agency to regulate an industry as powerful as American pharmaceuticals while resisting efforts to curb its own authority. Carpenter explains how the FDA's reputation and power have played out among committees in Congress, and with drug companies, advocacy groups, the media, research hospitals and universities, and governments in Europe and India. He shows how FDA regulatory power has influenced the way that business, medicine, and science are conducted in the United States and worldwide. Along the way, Carpenter offers new insights into the therapeutic revolution of the 1940s and 1950s; the 1980s AIDS crisis; the advent of oral contraceptives and cancer chemotherapy; the rise of antiregulatory conservatism; and the FDA's waning influence in drug regulation today. Reputation and Power demonstrates how reputation shapes the power and behavior of government agencies, and sheds new light on how that power is used and contested. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

The Coordination Of Public Sector Organizations

Autor: Geert Bouckaert
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230275257
File Size: 18,13 MB
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This book discusses the trajectories of creating specialized autonomous units. An analysis of the mechanisms and measures taken for granting autonomy to specialized autonomous units and subsequently to coordinating them back is described. The book shows a range of patterns in the dynamics of specialization and coordination over 25 years.

Capitalism Culture And Economic Regulation

Autor: Leigh Hancher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198275503
File Size: 60,66 MB
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Regulation is a universal feature of modern economic life. However, regulating the economies of advanced capitalist nations is a uniquely complex activity, crossing the boundaries between law, politics, and economics, and involving problems which affect both the regulator and the regulated. For this book, eminent lawyers and political scientists have contributed essays which analyse these problems by examining in detail the experience of regulation in different economies and diverse industries in capitalist Western Europe.

The Struggle For Constitutional Power

Autor: Tamir Moustafa
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139465112
File Size: 35,93 MB
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For nearly three decades, scholars and policymakers have placed considerable stock in judicial reform as a panacea for the political and economic turmoil plaguing developing countries. Courts are charged with spurring economic development, safeguarding human rights, and even facilitating transitions to democracy. How realistic are these expectations, and in what political contexts can judicial reforms deliver their expected benefits? This book addresses these issues through an examination of the politics of the Egyptian Supreme Constitutional Court, the most important experiment in constitutionalism in the Arab world. The Egyptian regime established a surprisingly independent constitutional court to address a series of economic and administrative pathologies that lie at the heart of authoritarian political systems. Although the Court helped the regime to institutionalize state functions and attract investment, it simultaneously opened new avenues through which rights advocates and opposition parties could challenge the regime. The book challenges conventional wisdom and provides insights into perennial questions concerning the barriers to institutional development, economic growth, and democracy in the developing world.