Physical Foundations Of Materials Science

Autor: Günter Gottstein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662092913
File Size: 18,99 MB
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In this vivid and comprehensible introduction to materials science, the author expands the modern concepts of metal physics to formulate basic theory applicable to other engineering materials, such as ceramics and polymers. Written for engineering students and working engineers with little previous knowledge of solid-state physics, this textbook enables the reader to study more specialized and fundamental literature of materials science. Dozens of illustrative photographs, many of them transmission electron microscopy images, plus line drawings, aid developing a firm appreciation of this complex topic. Hard-to-grasp terms such as "textures" are lucidly explained - not only the phenomenon itself, but also its consequences for the material properties. This excellent book makes materials science more transparent.

Fundamentals Of Materials Science

Autor: Eric J. Mittemeijer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642105005
File Size: 11,78 MB
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This book offers a strong introduction to fundamental concepts on the basis of materials science. It conveys the central issue of materials science, distinguishing it from merely solid state physics and solid state chemistry, namely to develop models that provide the relation between the microstructure and the properties. The book is meant to be used in the beginning of a materials science and engineering study as well as throughout an entire undergraduate and even graduate study as a solid background against which specialized texts can be studied. Topics dealt with are "crystallography", "lattice defects", "microstructural analysis", "phase equilibria and transformations" and "mechanical strength". After the basic chapters the coverage of topics occurs to an extent surpassing what can be offered in a freshman's course. About the author Prof. Mittemeijer is one of the top scientists in materials science, whose perceptiveness and insight have led to important achievements. This book witnesses of his knowledge and panoramic overview and profound understanding of the field. He is a director of the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research in Stuttgart.

Physical Foundations Of Cosmology

Autor: V. F. Mukhanov
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521563987
File Size: 23,43 MB
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Textbook in cosmology covering established and speculative research for advanced students of physics and astrophysics.

Physical Foundations Of Continuum Mechanics

Autor: A. I. Murdoch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521765587
File Size: 56,56 MB
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"Ian Murdoch's Physical Foundations of Continuum Mechanics will interest engineers, mathematicians and physicists who study macroscopic behaviour (for example, solid mechanics or fluid dynamics) or engage in molecular dynamical simulations. Unlike other works on the subject, Murdoch's book examines physical assumptions implicit in continuum modelling from a molecular perspective. By doing so, this book clarifies physical interpretations of concepts and fields by emphasising their microscopic origin and sensitivity to scale. Murdoch expertly applies these concepts to theories of mixtures, generalised continua and fluid flow through porous media. This unique and thorough work is an authoritative reference for both students and experts in the field"--

Ferroelectric Phenomena In Crystals

Autor: Boris A. Strukov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642602932
File Size: 23,77 MB
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The expansion of the application of ferroelectric crystals in engineering as well as of a number of fundamental problems of solid-state physics, which have not yet been solved and which bear a direct relation to ferro electricity, has lately stimulated much interest in the problem of ferroelectricity. In courses of solid-state physics ferroelectricity is studied today along with traditional disciplines, such as magnetism, superconductivity, and 'semiconducting phe nomena. Moreover, new specialities have been born concerned directly with the development and utilization of ferroelectric material~ in optics, acous tics, computer technology, and capacitor engineering. Special courses in the physics of ferroelectrics are read in a number of colleges and universities. The study of the nature of ferro electricity has currently reached such a level of development that we may speak of having gained a rather deep insight into the physical essence of a number of phenomena, which contribute to the generation of a spontaneous electric polarization in crystals. It is exactly at this level that it has become possible to single out that part of the problem, the physical picture of which can be depicted in a rather unsophisticated manner and which is the foundation for the construction of a building of "complete understanding".

Engineering Materials Science

Autor: Milton Ohring
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780125249959
File Size: 68,38 MB
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Milton Ohring's Engineering Materials Science integrates the scientific nature and modern applications of all classes of engineering materials. This comprehensive, introductory textbook will provide undergraduate engineering students with the fundamental background needed to understand the science of structure–property relationships, as well as address the engineering concerns of materials selection in design, processing materials into useful products, andhow material degrade and fail in service. Specific topics include: physical and electronic structure; thermodynamics and kinetics; processing; mechanical, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties; degradation; and failure and reliability. The book offers superior coverage of electrical, optical, and magnetic materials than competing text.The author has taught introductory courses in material science and engineering both in academia and industry (AT&T Bell Laboratories) and has also written the well-received book, The Material Science of Thin Films (Academic Press).

Physical Foundations Of Solid State Devices

Autor: E. Fred Schubert
Publisher: E. Fred Schubert
ISBN: 0986382620
File Size: 15,39 MB
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It is beneficial for technical personnel working in the field of microelectronic, optoelectronic, and photonic semiconductor devices to get a good understanding of the physical foundations ofmodern semiconductor devices. Questions that technical personnel may ask are: How areelectrons propagating in the periodic potential of a semiconductor crystal lattice? What are thefoundations of semiconductor heterostructure devices? How does quantum mechanics relateto semiconductor heterostructure devices? This book tries to answer questions such as these. The book provides a basis for the understanding of modern semiconductor devices that havedimensions in the nanometer range, i.e. comparable to the electron de Broglie wavelength. Classical and semi-classical physics no longer gives a full description of a number of physicalprocesses. The inclusion of quantum mechanical principles becomes mandatory and provides a useful description of many physical processes in electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic heterostructure devices. The first part of the book (Chapters 1 – 11) teaches quantum-mechanical principles, including the postulates of quantum mechanics, operators, the uncertainty principle, the Schrödinger equation, non-periodic and periodic potentials, quantum wells, and perturbation theory. The second part of the book (Chapters 12 – 20) applies these principles to semiconductor devices and discusses the density of states, semiconductor statistics, carrier concentrations, doping, tunneling, and some aspects of heterostructure devices. The book may be of particular interest to individuals working in the fields of microelectronics, optoelectronics, and photonics with an educational background in Electrical Engineering, Applied Physics, or Materials Science.

Foundations Of Materials Science And Engineering

Autor: William F. Smith
ISBN: 9780071311144
File Size: 73,91 MB
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Smith/Hashemi's Foundations of Materials Science and Engineering, 5/e provides an eminently readable and understandable overview of engineering materials for undergraduate students. This edition offers a fully revised chemistry chapter and a new chapter on biomaterials as well as a new taxonomy for homework problems that will help students and instructors gauge and set goals for student learning. Through concise explanations, numerous worked-out examples, a wealth of illustrations & photos, and a brand new set of online resources, the new edition provides the most student-friendly introduction to the science & engineering of materials. The extensive media package available with the text provides Virtual Labs, tutorials, and animations, as well as image files, case studies, FE Exam review questions, and a solutions manual and lecture PowerPoint files for instructors.

Introduction To Computational Materials Science

Autor: Richard LeSar
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107328144
File Size: 39,36 MB
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Emphasising essential methods and universal principles, this textbook provides everything students need to understand the basics of simulating materials behaviour. All the key topics are covered from electronic structure methods to microstructural evolution, appendices provide crucial background material, and a wealth of practical resources are available online to complete the teaching package. Modelling is examined at a broad range of scales, from the atomic to the mesoscale, providing students with a solid foundation for future study and research. Detailed, accessible explanations of the fundamental equations underpinning materials modelling are presented, including a full chapter summarising essential mathematical background. Extensive appendices, including essential background on classical and quantum mechanics, electrostatics, statistical thermodynamics and linear elasticity, provide the background necessary to fully engage with the fundamentals of computational modelling. Exercises, worked examples, computer codes and discussions of practical implementations methods are all provided online giving students the hands-on experience they need.

Physical Foundations Of Quantum Electronics

Autor: David Nikolaevich Klyshko
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814324507
File Size: 62,38 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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A textbook that introduces a graduate student to the various fields of physics related to the interaction between radiation and matter. It emphasizes analogies and relations between seemingly different phenomena and different fields of quantum electronics.