Participation In Computing

Autor: William Aspray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319248324
File Size: 78,91 MB
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This book provides a history of the efforts of the US National Science Foundation to broaden participation in computing. The book briefly discusses the early history of the NSF's involvement with education and workforce issues. It then turns to two programs outside the computing directorate (the ADVANCE program and the Program on Women and Girls) that set the stage for three programs in the NSF computing directorate on broadening participation: the IT Workforce Program, the Broadening Participation in Computing program, and the Computing Education for the 21st Century program. The work looks at NSF-funded research and NSF-funded interventions both to increase the number of women, underrepresented minorities (African Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians) and people with disabilities, and to increase the number of public schools offering rigorous instruction in computing. Other organizations such as the ACM, the Computer Science Teachers Association, and are also covered. The years covered are primarily 1980 to the present.

Women And Underrepresented Minorities In Computing

Autor: William Aspray
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319248111
File Size: 16,34 MB
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This text examines in detail the issue of the underrepresentation of women, African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanics in the computing disciplines in the U.S. The work reviews the underlying causes, as well as the efforts of various nonprofit organizations to correct the situation, in order to both improve social equity and address the shortage of skilled workers in this area. Topics and features: presents a digest and historical overview of the relevant literature from a range of disciplines, including leading historical and social science sources; discusses the social and political factors that have affected the demographics of the workforce from the end of WWII to the present day; provides historical case studies on organizations that have sought to broaden participation in computing and the STEM disciplines; reviews the different approaches that have been applied to address underrepresentation, at the individual, system-wide, and pathway-focused level; profiles the colleges and universities that have been successful in opening up computer science or engineering to female students; describes the impact of individual change-agents as well as whole organizations.

Divining A Digital Future

Autor: Paul Dourish
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262015552
File Size: 69,19 MB
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A sociotechnical investigation of ubiquitous computing as a research enterprise and as a lived reality.

English Historical Semantics

Autor: Christian Kay
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748644792
File Size: 60,79 MB
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This guide gives students a solid grounding in the basic methodology of how to analyse corpus data to study new words entering the language or language change. .

Guide To Security Assurance For Cloud Computing

Autor: Shao Ying Zhu
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319259881
File Size: 78,93 MB
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This practical and didactic text/reference discusses the leading edge of secure cloud computing, exploring the essential concepts and principles, tools, techniques and deployment models in this field. Enlightening perspectives are presented by an international collection of pre-eminent authorities in cloud security assurance from both academia and industry. Topics and features: · Describes the important general concepts and principles of security assurance in cloud-based environments · Presents applications and approaches to cloud security that illustrate the current state of the art · Reviews pertinent issues in relation to challenges that prevent organizations moving to cloud architectures · Provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings · Discusses real-world vulnerabilities of cloud-based software in order to address the challenges of securing distributed software · Highlights the practicalities of cloud security, and how applications can assure and comply with legislation · Includes review questions at the end of each chapter This Guide to Security Assurance for Cloud Computing will be of great benefit to a broad audience covering enterprise architects, business analysts and leaders, IT infrastructure managers, cloud security engineers and consultants, and application developers involved in system design and implementation. The work is also suitable as a textbook for university instructors, with the outline for a possible course structure suggested in the preface. The editors are all members of the Computing and Mathematics Department at the University of Derby, UK, where Dr. Shao Ying Zhu serves as a Senior Lecturer in Computing, Dr. Richard Hill as a Professor and Head of the Computing and Mathematics Department, and Dr. Marcello Trovati as a Senior Lecturer in Mathematics. The other publications of the editors include the Springer titles Big-Data Analytics and Cloud Computing, Guide to Cloud Computing and Cloud Computing for Enterprise Architectures.

Regional Trading Blocs In The World Economic System

Autor: Jeffrey A. Frankel
Publisher: Peterson Institute
ISBN: 9780881322026
File Size: 43,20 MB
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he rapid growth of regional trading relationships in Europe, Asia, and Latin America has raised policy concerns about their impact on excluded countries and on the global trading system. Some observers worrythat the multilateral system may be fracturing into discriminatory regional blocs. Others are hopeful that regional agreements will go beyond what was achieved in the Uruguay Round and instead become building blocks for further global liberalization and WTO rules in new areas.Jeffrey Frankel shows through extensive empirical analysis that the new breed of preferential trade arrangements are indeed concentrating trade regionally. He then assesses whether regionalblocs are "natural" or "supernatural"b enhance or reduce global welfare. He concludes that a complete liberalization within blocs, with no reduction in barriers between blocs, would push the trading system into the supernatural zone of an excessive degree of regionalization. More balanced patterns of liberalization, however, give favorable trading arrangements that are already in effect, and the broader continent-sized groupings that are under discussion (the Americas, Europe, and the Asia Pacific).

The Global Competitiveness Report 2004 2005

Autor: Michael E. Porter
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 9781403949134
File Size: 42,69 MB
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The World Economic Forum's annual Global Competitiveness Report evaluates the potential for sustained economic growth of over 100 economies and ranks them accordingly. Since it first release in 1979, the Report has become the most authoritative and comprehensive study of its type. The 2004-2005 Report Contains: *Detailed country competitiveness provides of 104 economies *Data tables for survey and hard data variable ranking profiled economies *Complementary global rankings: the Growth Competitiveness Index (GCI) and the Business Competitiveness Index (BCI), measuring growth and productivity respectively *Exclusive Data from the Executive Onion Survey, with over 8,700 responses from business leaders worldwide. Produced in collaboration with a distinguished group of international scholars and a global network of over 100 leading national research institutes and business organizations, the Report also showcases the latest thinking and research on issues of immediate relevance for business leaders and policy-makers.

Athena Unbound

Autor: Henry Etzkowitz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521787383
File Size: 14,34 MB
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An inquiry into why there are so few women scientists discusses the subtle factors that contribute to the marginalization of women scientists and compares the status of women scientists in different countries.

Specification Estimation And Analysis Of Macroeconometric Models

Autor: Ray C. Fair
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674831803
File Size: 18,90 MB
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This book gives a practical, applications-oriented account of the latest techniques for estimating and analyzing large, nonlinear macroeconomic models. Ray Fair demonstrates the application of these techniques in a detailed presentation of several actual models, including his United States model, his multicountry model, Sargent's classical macroeconomic model, autoregressive and vector autoregressive models, and a small (twelve equation) linear structural model. He devotes a good deal of attention to the difficult and often neglected problem of moving from theoretical to econometric models. In addition, he provides an extensive discussion of optimal control techniques and methods for estimating and analyzing rational expectations models. A computer program that handles all the techniques in the book is available from the author, making it possible to use the techniques with little additional programming. The book presents the logic of this program. A smaller program for personal microcomputers for analysis of Fair's United States model is available from Urban Systems Research & Engineering, Inc. Anyone wanting to learn how to use large macroeconomic models, including researchers, graduate students, economic forecasters, and people in business and government both in the United States and abroad, will find this an essential guidebook.

Sociological Abstracts

Autor: Leo P. Chall
File Size: 74,24 MB
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.