Liars Lovers And Heroes

Autor: Steven R. Quartz
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0062028669
File Size: 42,66 MB
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This exciting, timely book combines cutting-edge findings in neuroscience with examples from history and recent headlines to offer new insights into who we are. Introducing the new science of cultural biology, born of advances in brain imaging, computer modeling, and genetics, Drs. Quartz and Sejnowski demystify the dynamic engagement between brain and world that makes us something far beyond the sum of our parts. The authors show how our humanity unfolds in precise stages as brain and world engage on increasingly complex levels. Their discussion embraces shaping forces as ancient as climate change over millennia and events as recent as the terrorism and heroism of September 11 and offers intriguing answers to some of our most enduring questions, including why we live together, love, kill -- and sometimes lay down our lives for others. The answers, it turns out, are surprising and paradoxical: many of the noblest aspects of human nature -- altruism, love, courage, and creativity -- are rooted in brain systems so ancient that we share them with insects, and these systems form the basis as well of some of our darkest destructive traits. The authors also overturn popular views of how brains develop. We're not the simple product of animal urges, "selfish" genes, or nature versus nurture. We survive by creating an ingenious web of ideas for making sense of our world -- a symbolic reality called culture. This we endow to later generations as our blueprint for survival. Using compelling examples from history and contemporary life, the authors show how engagement with the world excites brain chemistry, which drives further engagement, which encourages the development of cultural complexity. They also share provocative ideas on how human development may be affected by changes in our culture. Their insights, grounded in science and far-reaching in their implications, are riveting reading for anyone interested in our past, present, and future.

The Routledge Companion To Theological Anthropology

Autor: Joshua R. Farris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317041313
File Size: 62,56 MB
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In recent scholarship there is an emerging interest in the integration of philosophy and theology. Philosophers and theologians address the relationship between body and soul and its implications for theological anthropology. In so doing, philosopher-theologians interact with cognitive science, biological evolution, psychology, and sociology. Reflecting these exciting new developments, The Ashgate Research Companion to Theological Anthropology is a resource for philosophers and theologians, students and scholars, interested in the constructive, critical exploration of a theology of human persons. Throughout this collection of newly authored contributions, key themes are addressed: human agency and grace, the soul, sin and salvation, Christology, glory, feminism, the theology of human nature, and other major themes in theological anthropology in historic as well as contemporary contexts.

The Cognitive Science Of Religion

Autor: James A. Van Slyke
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317037928
File Size: 73,86 MB
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The cognitive science of religion is a relatively new academic field in the study of the origins and causes of religious belief and behaviour. The focal point of empirical research is the role of basic human cognitive functions in the formation and transmission of religious beliefs. However, many theologians and religious scholars are concerned that this perspective will reduce and replace explanations based in religious traditions, beliefs, and values. This book attempts to bridge the reductionist divide between science and religion through examination and critique of different aspects of the cognitive science of religion and offers a conciliatory approach that investigates the multiple causal factors involved in the emergence of religion.

Our Religious Brains

Autor: Ralph D. Mecklenburger
Publisher: Jewish Lights Publishing
ISBN: 1580235085
File Size: 35,12 MB
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This is a groundbreaking, accessible look at the implications of cognitive science for religion and theology, intended for laypeople. Avoiding neurological jargon and respectful to all faiths, it examines:

How Brain Science Can Make You A Better Lawyer

Autor: David A. Sousa
Publisher: American Bar Association
ISBN: 9781604425345
File Size: 24,45 MB
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Recent studies of the brain offer information, strategies, and insights that can make you more successful as a lawyer and a professional. In recent years, discoveries in neuroscience and cognitive psychology have revealed more and more about how the human brain learns. On a daily basis, lawyers are involved in changing someone's brain. That may sound dramatic, but that's exactly what happens when the human brain learns and remembers information-it is changed for a long time, perhaps forever.

Divine Grace And Emerging Creation

Autor: Thomas Jay Oord
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1621894908
File Size: 34,57 MB
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Wesleyans and Wesleyan theology have long been interested in the sciences. John Wesley kept abreast of scientific developments in his own day, and he engaged science in his theological construction. Divine Grace and Emerging Creation offers explorations by contemporary scholars into the themes and issues pertinent to contemporary science and Wesleyan Theology. In addition to groundbreaking research by leading Wesleyan theologians, Jurgen Moltmann contributes an essay. Moltmann's work derives from his keynote address at the joint Wesleyan Theological Society and Society for Pentecostal Studies meeting on science and theology at Duke University. Other contributions address key contemporary themes in theology and science, including evolution, ecology, neurology, emergence theory, intelligent design, scientific and theological method, and biblical cosmology. John Wesley's own approach to science, explored by many contributors, offers insights for how two of humanity's central concerns--science and theology--can now be understood in fruitful and complementary ways.

Thinking Comprehensively About Education

Autor: Ezekiel Dixon-Román
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113631847X
File Size: 33,71 MB
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While much is known about the critical importance of educative experiences outside of school, little is known about the social systems, community programs, and everyday practices that can facilitate learning outside of the classroom. Thinking Comprehensively About Education sheds much-needed light on those systems, programs, and practices; conceptualizing education more broadly through a nuanced exploration of: the various spaces where education occurs; the non-dominant practices and possibilities of those spaces; the possibilities of enabling social systems, institutions, and programs of comprehensive education. This original edited collection identifies and describes the resources that enable optimal human learning and development, and offers a public policy framework that can enable a truly comprehensive educational system. Thinking Comprehensively About Education is a must-read for faculty, students, policy analysts, and policymakers.

Competition

Autor: James Case
Publisher: Hill and Wang
ISBN: 1429923091
File Size: 65,79 MB
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The Mathematical Theory of Games Sheds Light On A Wide Range of Competitive Activities What do chess-playing computer programs, biological evolution, competitive sports, gambling, alternative voting systems, public auctions, corporate globalization, and class warfare have in common? All are manifestations of a new paradigm in scientific thinking, which James Case calls "the emerging science of competition." Drawing in part on the pioneering work of mathematicians such as John von Neumann, John Nash (of A Beautiful Mind fame), and Robert Axelrod, Case explores the common game-theoretical strands that tie these seemingly unrelated fields together, showing how each can be better understood in the shared light of the others. Not since James Gleick's bestselling book Chaos brought widespread public attention to the new sciences of chaos and complexity has a general-interest science book served such an eye-opening purpose. Competition will appeal to a wide range of readers, from policy wonks and futurologists to former jocks and other ordinary citizens seeking to make sense of a host of novel—and frequently controversial—issues.

Feminist Perspectives In Medical Family Therapy

Autor: Anne M. Prouty Lyness
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317786912
File Size: 40,69 MB
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Reinforce the relationship between healthy bodies and healthy relationships in families! Feminist Perspectives in Medical Family Therapy explores the groundbreaking collaboration of therapy and medicine to form a biopsychosocial approach to health care. In this book, feminists from several fields of study offer their ideas, research, and personal experiences to show how gender, culture, and other diversity issues affect medical treatment. This invaluable tool provides tips and suggestions for interdisciplinary medical teams working with patients’ bodies, minds, spirits, and relationships simultaneously. Medical family therapy is a relatively new specialty, and this book demonstrates its advantages and opportunities with an easy-to-understand, applicable approach. Clinicians, researchers, trainers, and students in medicine, social work, family therapy, psychology, and others can use Feminist Perspectives in Medical Family Therapy to examine more closely the medical issues that are most relevant to women and families. In this unique resource, you’ll learn about: how both biological factors and environment create gender differences—and how they apply to women with depression how the issues of power and gender influence the experiences of male and female medical family therapists incorporating feminist principles in family medicine education the benefits of collaborative care to both physicians and patients in a family medicine setting using couples therapy in cases of vulvar vestibulitis syndrome how a woman’s diagnosis of cancer affects the family system Feminist Perspectives in Medical Family Therapy offers a variety of viewpoints from patients and providers, using hard data, interviews, practicum models, case examples, and reflections on personal experiences.

The Computational Brain

Autor: Patricia S. Churchland
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262339668
File Size: 70,26 MB
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Before The Computational Brain was published in 1992, conceptual frameworks for brain function were based on the behavior of single neurons, applied globally. In The Computational Brain, Patricia Churchland and Terrence Sejnowski developed a different conceptual framework, based on large populations of neurons. They did this by showing that patterns of activities among the units in trained artificial neural network models had properties that resembled those recorded from populations of neurons recorded one at a time. It is one of the first books to bring together computational concepts and behavioral data within a neurobiological framework. Aimed at a broad audience of neuroscientists, computer scientists, cognitive scientists, and philosophers, The Computational Brain is written for both expert and novice. This anniversary edition offers a new preface by the authors that puts the book in the context of current research.This approach influenced a generation of researchers. Even today, when neuroscientists can routinely record from hundreds of neurons using optics rather than electricity, and the 2013 White House BRAIN initiative heralded a new era in innovative neurotechnologies, the main message of The Computational Brain is still relevant.