Issues In Setting Standards

Autor: Tom Christie
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135791791
File Size: 33,41 MB
Format: PDF
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First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Standard Setting

Autor: Gregory J. Cizek
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
ISBN:
File Size: 59,29 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In Standard Setting: A Guide to Establishing and Evaluating Performance Standards on Tests, authors Gregory J. Cizek and Michael B. Bunch provide the only "go-to" reference on how to set standards on tests in education, licensure, and certification. This book is comprehensive in scope, practical in nature, and definitive in terms of cataloguing the essential conceptual and procedural fundamentals of setting performance standards.

Setting Performance Standards

Autor: Gregory J. Cizek
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135655219
File Size: 35,11 MB
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This volume brings together current concrete informtn regarding th newest standard setting methods. The nd for standard setting spans a range of context frm elementary schl to th professions, education & commercial applications, government & private orga

Patent Challenges For Standard Setting In The Global Economy

Autor: Committee on Intellectual Property Management in Standard-Setting Processes
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309293129
File Size: 26,37 MB
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Patent Challenges for Standard-Setting in the Global Economy: Lessons from Information and Communication Technology examines how leading national and multinational standard-setting organizations (SSOs) address patent disclosures, licensing terms, transfers of patent ownership, and other issues that arise in connection with developing technical standards for consumer and other microelectronic products, associated software and components, and communications networks including the Internet. Attempting to balance the interests of patent holders, other participants in standard-setting, standards implementers, and consumers, the report calls on SSOs to develop more explicit policies to avoid patent holdup and royalty-stacking, ensure that licensing commitments carry over to new owners of the patents incorporated in standards, and limit injunctions for infringement of patents with those licensing commitments. The report recommends government measures to increase the transparency of patent ownership and use of standards information to improve patent quality and to reduce conflicts of laws across countries.

Setting Performance Standards

Autor: Gregory J. Cizek
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136946713
File Size: 16,57 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Setting standards of performance is a ubiquitous task in education licensure, certification, and credentialling. It is found in elementary schooling, the professions, commercial applications, and governmental and private organizations. It is one of the most complex, controversial, and vexing issues facing specialists and policy makers today. This second edition solidifies Setting Performance Standards as the only book providing a comprehensive profile of both the issues and the "how-to" methods that define this thorny field. Four chapters have been removed; 11 chapters have been added; 2 chapters have major revisions; and all chapters have been updated. Comprehensive – Part I provides a conceptual overview of standard setting and its overarching issues; Part II provides practical (how-to) information on the newest standard setting methods; Part III provides information and advice on persistent and potential challenges in standard setting. Practical – Part II (the heart of the book) reviews 16 of the newest standard setting methods, far more than any other book. Expertise – Most of the well-known authors from the 1st edition return, with authors of equal stature contributing new chapters.

The Accounting Profession

Autor: Donald H. Chapin
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788135989
File Size: 47,84 MB
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Concerns the status of recommendations made to the accounting profession over the past two decades by major study groups. Identifies (1) recommendations made from 1972-95 to improve accounting & auditing standards & the performance of independent audits under the federal securities laws & the actions taken on those recommendations, & (2) any unresolved issues to determine their impact on the performance of independent audits, effective accounting & auditing standards setting, & efforts to expand the scope of business reporting & audit services.

Ecotourism Certification

Autor: Martha Honey
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781559639514
File Size: 65,88 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The idea of "ecotourism" has taken off in recent years, but a crucial detail is often neglected: how do we know that an enterprise truly meets the goals and standards of ecotourism? Certification—the rating of lodges, resorts, tour operators, and other sectors of the tourism industry by independent auditors who verify environmental and social impacts—has emerged as the most promising answer. Ecotourism and Certification offers a valuable overview of ecotourism certification and lays out the basic challenges and strategies for establishing certification programs.The book begins by establishing baseline information on the tourism industry, situating ecotourism within the larger tourism industry, and tracing the history of certification. The second chapter explores the concepts underlying certification followed by a chapter that examines certification as a tool in other industries such as forestry and coffee production. The remainder of the book highlights case studies of the most promising certification schemes around the world. Written by experts who have been closely involved with the projects described, case studies include:the NEAP Program in AustraliaCosta Rica's government-financed Sustainable Tourism Certification (CST) program and other programs in Central Americamore than 50 eco-labeling and certification programs for accommodations in Europeprograms to certify beaches and national parksefforts in South Africa and Kenya to establish certification programsEcotourism is a promising approach to protecting threatened environments and communities around the world and certification is a key to making it effective. This is the first book to take a global look at the emergence and application of certification, and it speaks largely through the voices of those directly involved with the industry and in the countries where is has been applied. It will be an important contribution for ecotourism and development professionals worldwide.

Economics And Political Implications Of International Financial Reporting Standards

Autor: Uchenna, Efobi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466698772
File Size: 16,71 MB
Format: PDF
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International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are internationally-recognized financial reporting guidelines regulated by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to ensure that uniformity exists in the global financial system. In addition to regulating financial reporting, the adoption of IRFS has been shown to impact the flow of foreign capital and trade. Economics and Political Implications of International Financial Reporting Standards focuses on the consequences and determinants of the adoption of the International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS), which has remained a top issue in International Accounting. This timely publication brings to the forefront issues related to the political and economic influences and impacts of IFRS in addition to providing a platform for further research in this area. Policy makers, academics, researchers, graduate-level students, and professionals across the fields of management, economics, finance, international relations, and political science will find this publication pertinent to furthering their understanding of financial reporting at the global level.