Fearing Food

Autor: Julian Morris
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 0080984908
File Size: 70,93 MB
Format: PDF
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Environmental and consumer activists have for a long time blamed pesticides, fertilizers and other aspects of intensive farming for causing environmental degradation and human disease. Yet, as the authors in this book show, intensive farming has enabled growth in food production at a rate greater than population growth, thereby ensuring that people are better fed than ever before, whilst simultaneously limiting the effect of farming on the environment. The authors debunk numerous pervasive myths, including: Myth: Pesticides are bad for the environment and bad for human health Fact: Synthetic pesticides enable the production of large quantities of fresh fruit and vegetables, which means that people are better protected against cancer. In addition, the synthetic pesticides themselves are often less toxic than natural pesticides. Overall, synthetic pesticides present a net gain in health terms. Myth: Antibiotic resistance in animals is spreading to humans. Fact: The use of antibiotics in young animals keeps meat prices low and does not materially contribute to antibiotic resistance in humans. Myth: Nitrate fertilizers are a threat to human health. Fact: Nitrate fertilizers are probably beneficial to human health. Myth: Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are bad for the environment and bad for our health. Fact: Many environmental problems associated with agriculture can be reduced by using GMOs, which have the potential to improve yields and quality which simultaneously reducing associated inputs, such as fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides. Commercially produced GM foodcrops have no known impacts on human health and future GM foodcrops are likely to have health benefits (enabling such things as low-fat chips/french fries and non-allergenic peanuts). Myth: Instances of food poisoning would be reduced if we had more regulations. Fact: Instances of food poisoning in the UK may have been exacerbated by over-cautious government regulation. Myth: Subsidies are needed to order to ensure that food and fish are produced in environmentally sound ways. Fact: Subsidies to fisheries and farming have caused widespread environmental degradation. Myth: Packaging and transporting food is environmentally unfriendly. Fact: Packaging enhances the shelf life of products and reduces wastage during transport. Transporting food allows society to take advantage of different environmental and socio-economic conditions that exist in different places.

Market Development For Genetically Modified Foods

Autor: V. Santaniello
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851997018
File Size: 60,21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The investment climate for firms producing genetically modified (GM) agricultural products has recently experienced considerable change, with the occurrence of remarkably high rate of farmer acceptance, but considerable consumer resistance. The present system that involves firms developing biotech products, farmers producing the products, food and related agribusiness industrial firms, and consumers of food, is very volatile. This however will soon be affected by changes in reulatory, trade and food safety regimes.This book addresses these key issues and is based on papers presented at the fourth meeting of The International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research (ICABR), on Economics of Agricultural Biotechnology, held at Ravello, Italy, in August 2000. Organized in four parts, this volume focuses on:Consumer reactions to GM food informationRegulatory issuesFarmer acceptance of biotech productsChanges in industrial organization in life science and food sectors

Food Risk And Politics

Autor: Ed Randall
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 1847793355
File Size: 43,67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This is a book about the risk politics of food safety. Food-related risks regularly grab the headlines in ways that threaten reasoned debate and obstruct sensible policy making. In this book, Ed Randall explains why this is the case. He goes on to make the case for a properly informed and fully open public debate about food safety issues. He argues that this is the true antidote to the politics of scare, scandal and crisis. The book skilfully weaves together the many different threads of food safety and risk politics and offers a particularly rewarding read for academics and students in the fields of politics and media studies. It will also appeal to scholars from other disciplines, particularly social psychology and the food sciences. The book is a lively and exceptionally readable account of food safety and risk politics that will engage policy makers and the general reader. It promises to help us all manage food safety issues more intelligently and successfully.

World Health And Disease

Autor: Alastair Gray
Publisher: Open Univ Pr
ISBN: 9780335208388
File Size: 21,21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents a global view of human health. It traces some of the major changes in the health and disease patterns affecting humankind, and sets these in the context of demographic change and economic development. The book addresses a series of important questions. How and why have patterns of health and disease changed so dramatically in industrialized countries over the last century? And why, within a relatively wealthy country such as the United Kingdom, is there so much variation in health between women and men, married and single, people from different ethnic groups, manual and non-manual workers? What is the evidence supporting competing explanations for the 'health divide' between groups with the best and the worst health experience? Globally, how are the health problems confronting the populations of developing countries different from those of the developed world, where has progress been achieved, and where are past gains being undermined? Does rapid population growth testify to health improvements, but does it also threaten them? To examine these questions, the authors of this book have drawn together arguments and evidence from a wide range of disciplines, in particular demography, economics, nutrition, history, biology and epidemiology. The book also considers ways in which evidence, and in particular statistical data, can be used or abused. Over 120 tables and figures illustrate and augment the text. Two detailed case studies - on Bangladesh and on the relationship between food, health and disease - explore the themes of the book in depth.

Biodiversity And The Law

Autor: Charles R. McManis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113657106X
File Size: 17,86 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 1927
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How do we promote global economic development, while simultaneously preserving local biological and cultural diversity? This authoritative volume, written by leading legal experts and biological and social scientists from around the world, aims to address this question in all of its complexity. The first part of the book focuses on biodiversity and examines what we are losing, why and what is to be done. The second part addresses biotechnology and looks at whether it is part of the solution or part of the problem, or perhaps both. The third section examines traditional knowledge, explains what it is and how, if at all, it should be protected. The fourth and final part looks at ethnobotany and bioprospecting and offers practical lessons from the vast and diverse experiences of the contributors.


Autor: Dan Gardner
Publisher: Emblem Editions
ISBN: 9780771036897
File Size: 31,86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In the tradition of Malcolm Gladwell, Gardner explores a new way of thinking about the decisions we make. We are the safest and healthiest human beings who ever lived, and yet irrational fear is growing, with deadly consequences — such as the 1,595 Americans killed when they made the mistake of switching from planes to cars after September 11. In part, this irrationality is caused by those — politicians, activists, and the media — who promote fear for their own gain. Culture also matters. But a more fundamental cause is human psychology. Working with risk science pioneer Paul Slovic, author Dan Gardner sets out to explain in a compulsively readable fashion just what that statement above means as to how we make decisions and run our lives. We learn that the brain has not one but two systems to analyze risk. One is primitive, unconscious, and intuitive. The other is conscious and rational. The two systems often agree, but occasionally they come to very different conclusions. When that happens, we can find ourselves worrying about what the statistics tell us is a trivial threat — terrorism, child abduction, cancer caused by chemical pollution — or shrugging off serious risks like obesity and smoking. Gladwell told us about “the black box” of our brains; Gardner takes us inside, helping us to understand how to deconstruct the information we’re bombarded with and respond more logically and adaptively to our world. Risk is cutting-edge reading.