Energy From The Nucleus

Autor: Gerard M. Crawley
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814689199
File Size: 48,58 MB
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Nuclear energy is important both as a very large energy resource and as a source of carbon free energy. However incidents such as the Fukashima Daiichi nuclear disaster (2011), the Chernobyl disaster (1986), and the Three Mile Island accident (1979) have cast doubts on the future of nuclear fission as a major player in the future energy mix. This volume provides an excellent overview of the current situation regarding nuclear fission as well as a description of the enormous potential advantages offered by nuclear fusion including an essentially unlimited fuel supply with minimal environmental impact. Energy from the Nucleus focuses on the two main approaches to producing energy from the nucleus: fission and fusion. The chapters on nuclear fission cover the status of current and future generations of reactors as well as new safety requirements and the environmental impact of electricity production from nuclear fission. The chapters on nuclear fusion discuss both inertial confinement fusion and magnetic confinement fusion, including the new international fusion test facility, ITER. The expertise of the authors, who are active participants in the respective technologies, ensures that the information provided is both reliable and current. Their views will no doubt enlighten our understanding of the future of energy from the nucleus.

Energy From The Nucleus

Autor: Gerard M Crawley
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814689211
File Size: 73,78 MB
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Nuclear energy is important both as a very large energy resource and as a source of carbon free energy. However incidents such as the Fukashima Daiichi nuclear disaster (2011), the Chernobyl disaster (1986), and the Three Mile Island accident (1979) have cast doubts on the future of nuclear fission as a major player in the future energy mix. This volume provides an excellent overview of the current situation regarding nuclear fission as well as a description of the enormous potential advantages offered by nuclear fusion including an essentially unlimited fuel supply with minimal environmental impact. Energy from the Nucleus focuses on the two main approaches to producing energy from the nucleus: fission and fusion. The chapters on nuclear fission cover the status of current and future generations of reactors as well as new safety requirements and the environmental impact of electricity production from nuclear fission. The chapters on nuclear fusion discuss both inertial confinement fusion and magnetic confinement fusion, including the new international fusion test facility, ITER. The expertise of the authors, who are active participants in the respective technologies, ensures that the information provided is both reliable and current. Their views will no doubt enlighten our understanding of the future of energy from the nucleus.

Energy Storage

Autor: Crawley Gerard M
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981320897X
File Size: 41,13 MB
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The subject of energy storage is extremely important for the increased utilization of renewable energies such as solar and wind energy in times when their sources (e.g. the sun and wind) are unavailable. The ability to store energy can also level out the demand curve for electricity and thus lead to a decrease in the peak requirements of energy production. A storage system for ground transportation is also important as a potential replacement for fossil fuel powered transportation. Energy Storage offers a comprehensive look at the possible approaches to energy storage, which are relevant to various situations; from smoothing demand in electrical energy production, applications of energy storage, to transportation. The book covers a variety of approaches to the storage of energy. Beginning with a discussion of the critical importance of energy storage, the book discusses various possible storage options including hydro storage, compressed air energy storage, and electrical and chemical storage in batteries, capacitors and fuel cells. There is also a chapter on the mechanical storage of energy with flywheels using advanced materials. The various applications to power production and transportation are also included. The expertise and active involvement of the authors of the various chapters ensures that the information is reliable, current, and forward looking.

Solar Energy

Autor: Gerard M Crawley
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814689513
File Size: 31,32 MB
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Concerns about energy resources and the environmental impact of energy use will continue to be important globally. World Scientific's unique series of books on Current Energy Issues is intended, in part, as an expansion and update of the material contained in the World Scientific Handbook of Energy. Each volume will focus on related energy resources or issues and will contain a broader range of topics with more explanatory text. This Solar Energy volume covers a variety of approaches to the use of solar energy. These include large scale photovoltaic production of electricity as well as more local applications in the home and businesses. Similarly, there is an extensive discussion of large scale solar thermal electricity production and smaller scale uses such as solar water heating, home heating and cooling plus crop drying. There is also discussion of more forward-looking technologies including the production of fuels using artificial photosynthesis and the production of biomass. Contents:Introduction to Solar Energy (R Corkish, W Lipiński and Robert Patterson)Fundamentals of Photovoltaic Cells and Systems (Ignacio Rey-Stolle)Large-Scale Solar Thermal Plants (CSP) (Manfred Becker, Robert Pitz-Paal and Wes Stein)Large Scale Photovoltaic Power Plants (G Almonacid Puche, P G Vidal and E Muñoz-Cerón)Biomass (Anthony Turhollow)Artificial Photosynthesis (Nathan Skillen and Peter K J Robertson)Small Scale PV Applications in Home and Business (Estefanía Caamaño-Martín, Miguel Ángel Egido and Jorge Solórzano)Low Temperature Solar Thermal Applications (Brian Norton, Hans Martin Henning and Daniel Mugnier)Solar Thermochemical Processes (Roman Bader and Wojciech Lipiński) Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in energy studies/research and environmental/energy economics.

Albert Einstein Memorial Lectures

Autor: Jacob D. Bekenstein
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814329428
File Size: 27,68 MB
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This volume consists of a selection of Albert Einstein Memorial Lectures covering a broad spectrum of subjects in physics, chemistry, life science, mathematics, historiography and social issues. The lectures were presented by eminent scientists and scholars, including Nobel laureates. Established in 1980 by the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, this distinguished annual memorial lecture series was inaugurated following an international symposium held in Jerusalem in March 1979 to commemorate the centenary of Albert Einstein's birth. Considering that Einstein's interests, activities and influence were not restricted to theoretical physics but spanned broad fields affecting society and the welfare of humankind, it was felt that these memorial lectures should be addressed to scientists, scholars and erudite laypersons rather than to physicists alone.

Fossil Fuels

Autor: Gerard M Crawley
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814699993
File Size: 27,43 MB
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Concerns over energy resources and the environmental impact of energy use will continue to be part of the polical agenda across the globe. World Scientific's unique series of books on Current Energy Issues is intended, in part, as an expansion and update of the material contained in the World Scientific Handbook of Energy but in part each volume will focus on related energy resources or issues that contain a broader range of topics plus more explanatory text than was possible in the Handbook. The authors will also take the opportunity to update the data presented in the Handbook since in many cases the field is rapidly changing. The Fossil Fuels volume focuses on the main fossil resources, viz. coal, oil and natural gas. Coal is still an extremely important resource especially for electricity production around the world and the book discussed methods for making coal a cleaner resource, including carbon sequestration. There has been a rapid change in the mix of fossil fuels mainly because of hydraulic fracturing which enables oil and gas to be extracted from previously inaccessible formations. The book describes this changing situation including the precautions required to make the production of these fuels safe and environmentally benign. Alternative fossil fuels such as methane hydrates are also discussed. Contents:Coal Resources, Production, and Use Worldwide (Thomas Sarkus and William Ellis)Coal Gasification and Advances in Clean Coal Technology (Thomas Sarkus and Adrian Radziwon)Geologic Carbon Storage (Thomas Sarkus, Michael Tennyson and Derek Vikara)Environmental Impacts of Coal Production (Thomas Sarkus and William Ellis)Petroleum Liquids (William L Fisher and Christopher G St C Kendall)Unconventional Petroleum Liquids: Tar Sands and Shale Oil (Vello A Kuuskraa)Oil Spills: Causes, Consequences, Prevention, and Countermeasures (Jacqueline Michel and Merv Fingas)Natural Gas (John B Curtis)Hydraulic Fracturing (Randy F LaFollette and Robert Samuel Hurt)Methane Hydrates (Yoshihiro Masuda, Tsutomu Uchida, Sadao Nagakubo and Mikio Satoh) Readership: Scientists, engineers, policy makers, graduate students and researchers on the field of energy studies.

The World Scientific Handbook Of Energy

Autor: Gerard M. Crawley
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814343528
File Size: 71,58 MB
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Experts and key personnel straddling academia and related agencies and industries provide critical data for further exploration and research.

Future Energy

Autor: Trevor M. Letcher
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080994229
File Size: 30,73 MB
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As the demand for global energy increases, fact-based evaluations of alternative energy sources are needed in order to address the growing interest in how energy is produced, provided, and transported in sustainable ways. Future Energy, Second Edition provides scientists and decision makers with the knowledge they need to understand the relative importance and magnitude of various energy production methods in order to make the energy decisions needed for sustaining development and dealing with climate change. The second edition of Future Energy looks at the present energy situation and extrapolates to future scenarios related to global warming and the increase of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This thoroughly revised and updated edition contains over 30 chapters on all aspects of future energy, each chapter updated and expanded by expert scientists and engineers in their respective fields providing an unbiased and balanced view of the future of energy. Provides readers with an up-to-date overview of available energy options, both traditional and renewable, as well as the necessary tools to make informed decisions regarding selection, use, and environmental impacts. Covers a wide spectrum of future energy resources presented in a single book with chapters written by experts of the particular field Eleven new chapters including chapters on: solar heating, energy resources in developing nations and frontiers in oil and gas, Arctic drilling and unconventional oil and gas sources, thorium in nuclear fission, ethanol and other options for future transport fuel, fracking, smart grids, new batteries, environmental issues and the energy options for China

Relativistic Density Functional For Nuclear Structure

Autor: Jie Meng
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981473327X
File Size: 10,91 MB
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This book aims to provide a detailed introduction to the state-of-the-art covariant density functional theory, which follows the Lorentz invariance from the very beginning and is able to describe nuclear many-body quantum systems microscopically and self-consistently. Covariant density functional theory was introduced in nuclear physics in the 1970s and has since been developed and used to describe the diversity of nuclear properties and phenomena with great success. In order to provide an advanced and updated textbook of covariant density functional theory for graduate students and nuclear physics researchers, this book summarizes the enormous amount of material that has accumulated in the field of covariant density functional theory over the last few decades as well as the latest developments in this area. Moreover, the book contains enough details for readers to follow the formalism and theoretical results, and provides exhaustive references to explore the research literature. Contents:Concept of Covariant Density Functional Theory (P Ring)Relativistic Mean-Field Theory (J Meng, P Ring and P W Zhao)Relativistic Mean Field Description of Exotic Nuclei (J Meng, P Ring, P W Zhao and S G Zhou)Relativistic Hartree–Fock–Bogoliubov Theory: Ground States and Excitations (W H Long, J Meng and N Van Giai)Superheavy Nuclei and Fission Barriers (B N Lu, J Zhao, E G Zhao and S G Zhou)Relativistic Symmetries in Nuclear Single-Particle Spectra (J Y Guo, H Z Liang, J Meng and S-G Zhou)Structure of Hypernuclei in Relativistic Approaches (K Hagino and J M Yao)Rotating Nuclei: From Ground State to the Extremes of Spin and Deformation (A V Afanasjev)Novel Rotational Excitations (J Meng, S Q Zhang and P W Zhao)Small Amplitude Motion (N Paar and Y Niu)Nuclear Shell Structure and Response with Quasiparticle-Vibration Coupling (E Litvinova and P Ring)Beyond the Relativistic Mean-Field Approximation — Collective Correlations (Z P Li, T Nikšić, D Vretenar and J M Yao)Heavy Element in Astrophysical Nucleosynthesis (B H Sun and Z M Niu)Relativistic Density Functional Theory for Finite Nuclei and Neutron Stars (J Piekarewicz)Relativistic Versus Non-Relativistic Mean Field (P-G Reinhard) Readership: Graduate students in nuclear physics, nuclear physicists; theoretical physicists interested in the study of quantum many body problems. Key Features:This book focuses on the covariant version of density functional theory, summarizes the latest developments as well as the enormous amount of material that has accumulated over the last few decades, and provides a comprehensive overview of its development and applications for nuclear structureThis book contains enough details for a beginner in nuclear physics to follow the formalism and theoretical results, and provides exhaustive references to explore the research literatureThe authors include all the experts in this field including many world-leading scientists from China, Europe, Japan, and United StatesKeywords:Covariant Density Functional Theory;Relativistic Mean-Field;Pairing Correlations;Exotic Nucleus;Hartree(–Fock)–Bogoliubov Theory;Relativistic Symmetries;Superheavy Nuclei;Fission;Hypernuclei;Well-Deformed and Superdeformed Rotational Excitation;Electric and Magnetic Rotation;Collective Excitations;Small Amplitude Motion;Quasiparticle-Vibration Coupling;Beyond Mean-Field Approximation;Astrophysical Nucleosynthesis;Neutron Star

Nuclear Physics And Gamma Ray Sources For Nuclear Security And Nonproliferation

Autor: Takehito Hayakawa
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814635464
File Size: 14,79 MB
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Nuclear nonproliferation is a critical global issue. A key technological challenge to ensuring nuclear nonproliferation and security is the detection of long-lived radioisotopes and fissionable nuclides in a non-destructive manner. This technological challenge requires new methods for detecting relevant nuclides and the development of new quantum-beam sources. For example, one new method that has been proposed and studied is nuclear resonance fluorescence with energy-tunable, monochromatic gamma-rays generated by Compton scattering of laser photons with electrons. The development of new methods requires the help of researchers from a wide range of fields, such as nuclear physics, accelerator physics, laser physics, etc. Furthermore, any new method must be compatible with the requirements of administrators and nuclear-material inspectors. Contents:PrefaceOral Presentations:Nuclear Science and Applications with the Next Generation of High-Power Lasers and Brilliant Low-Energy Gamma Beams at ELI-NP (S Gales)New Non-Intrusive Inspection Technologies for Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation (R J Ledoux)Development of Gamma-Ray Nondestructive Detection and Assay Systems for Nuclear Safeguards and Security at JAEA (R Hajima)Photonuclear Reaction Studies at HIγS: Developing the Science of Remote Detection of Nuclear Materials (C R Howell)Dipole Strength Around the Particle Threshold (D Savran)Resonant Photonuclear Reactions for Neutrino Nuclear Responses and Nuclear Isotope Detections (H Ejiri)Non-Destructive Testing for Control of Radioactive Waste Package (S Plumeri and F Carrel)Development of First Responders Equipment at RN Incident Sites (K Tsuchiya et al.)Compact Short-Pulsed Electron Linac Based Neutron Sources for Precise Nuclear Material Analysis (M Uesaka et al.)Laser-Driven Plasma Deceleration of Electron Beams for Compact Photon Sources (J-L Vay et al.)Advanced Laser-Compton Gamma-Ray Sources for Nuclear Materials Detection, Assay and Imaging (C P J Barty)Compact Gamma-Beam Source for Nuclear Security Technologies (P Gladkikh and J Urakawa)Developments of Optical Resonators and Optical Recirculators for Compton X/γ Ray Machines (A Martens)Low-Lying “Pygmy” Dipole Resonances and Strength Functions (V Werner et al.)NRF-Based NDA of Nuclear Material Using Monochromatic γ-Ray Beam (T Shizuma et al.)Improving the Assay of 239Pu in Spent and Melted Fuel Using the Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence Integral Resonance Transmission Method (C T Angell et al.)Laser Compton Scattering Gamma-Ray Beam Source at NewSUBARU Storage Ring (S Miyamoto et al.)Energy Calibration of Electron and Gamma-Ray Beams at NewSUBARU-GACKO (T Shima and H Utsunomiya)A Paradigm for the Nondestructive Assay of Spent Fuel Assemblies and Similar Large Objects, with Emphasis on the Role of Photon-Based Techniques (A M Bolind)Medium Modification of α Cluster Size in 6Li (T Yamagata et al.)Noninvasive Reactor Imaging Using Cosmic-Ray Muons (H Miyadera et al.)Compton Radiation for Nuclear Waste Management and Transmutation (E Bulyak and J Urakawa)Compact Intense Neutron Generators Based on Inertial Electrostatic Confinement of D-D Fusion Plasmas (K Masuda et al.)NRF Based Nondestructive Inspection System for SNM by Using Laser-Compton-Backscattering Gamma-Rays (H Ohgaki et al.)Development of Measurement Methods for Detection of Special Nuclear Materials Using D-D Pulsed Neutron Source (T Misawa et al.)SOFIA, a Next-Generation Facility for Fission Yields Measurements and Fission Study. First Results and Perspectives (L Audouin et al.)Present Status of Nuclear Data for Nuclear Nonproliferation (M Igashira)Development of the Experimental Photo-Nuclear Reaction Database in Hokkaido University (A Makinaga)Laser-Compton Scattering Photon Beams and Other Gamma-Ray Sources: Project for Coherent Gamma-Ray Source on Basis of Femtosecond Laser at ILC MSU (V G Nedorezov and A B Savelév)Laser Driven Ion Acceleration Study in JAEA (K Kondo)Status of New JENDL Photonuclear Data File (K Kosako et al.)Nuclear Research with Eγ≤15 MeV Photons (C Rangacharyulu)IRIDE: Interdisciplinary Research Infrastructure Based on Dual Electron Linac and Laser (M Ferrario)Poster Presentations:A Study of the Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence Reaction Yield Dependence on the Target Thickness of 208PB (H Negm et al.)Photodisintegration Reactions with Linear Polarized γ-Ray Beam (T Hayakawa et al.)Test Experiment of γ-Ray Diffraction for Crystal Monochromators (S Matsuba et al.)Overview of Laser Compton-scattered Photon Source at the cERL (R Nagai et al.)Development of a High-Brightness and High-Current Electron Gun for High-Flux γ-Ray Generation (N Nishimori et al.)Design of ERL Spoke Cavity for Non-Destructive Assay Research (M Sawamura et al.)Measurements of Cosmic-Ray Muon-Capture X-Rays and Its Application to Nuclear Material Detection (Y Shimbara et al.)Active Neutron-Based Interrogation System with D-D Neutron Source for Detection of Special Nuclear Materials (Y Takahashi et al.)Closing Summary:Summary Comments: Nuclear Physics and Gamma-Ray Sources for Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation (C P J Barty) Readership: Researchers and professionals in the field of nuclear physics. Keywords:Nuclear Nonproliferation;Long-lived Radioisotopes;Fissionable Nuclides;Compton Scarttering;Monochromatic Gamma-rays;Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence;Nuclear Physics