Embracing The Occupiers Conversations With The Future Leaders Of Afghanistan And Iraq

Autor: Jeremy S. Block
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313365350
File Size: 24,68 MB
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This is the first book to examine how Fulbright scholars-individuals almost certain to be movers and shakers in their own countries, if they weren't already before coming to America-from Iraq and Afghanistan view the U.S. interventions in their countries, the war on terror, the status of Islam, and other pressing issues of our day. As the author explains, understanding the mindset of Afghans and Iraqis willing to live and study in the occupying power is crucial to the conduct of America's war on terror and America's role in the post-President Bush world. In this work Block looks in-depth at a large representative sample of the Iraqi and Afghani Fulbright scholars in the United States, providing information about their former lives in their home countries, their opposition to dictatorial (Taliban and Saddam's) rule, their accounts of how they wound up coming to America, their opinions about America (both positive and negative), their views of jihadism and of the proper place for Islam in the political processes of their respective countries, and their expectations about what might await them when they return to their own countries. As such, it will be an invaluable resource as the United States continues to rebuild Afghanistan and Iraq.

Why We Lost

Autor: Daniel P. Bolger
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 0544370481
File Size: 19,14 MB
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A three-star general offers an insider account of the U.S. wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, explaining how garbled intelligence, poor decision making, and no clear understanding of the enemy resulted in the failure of both missions.

Radical Pathways

Autor: Kumar Ramakrishna
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 0313372195
File Size: 52,68 MB
Format: PDF
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This book explores why some Muslims turn to violent jihad in the world's most populous Muslim nation, Indonesia.

The Insurgents

Autor: Fred Kaplan
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451642660
File Size: 12,84 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A finalist for the Pulitzer Prize The Insurgents is the inside story of the small group of soldier-scholars, led by General David Petraeus, who plotted to revolutionize one of the largest, oldest, and most hidebound institutions—the United States military. Their aim was to build a new Army that could fight the new kind of war in the post–Cold War age: not massive wars on vast battlefields, but “small wars” in cities and villages, against insurgents and terrorists. These would be wars not only of fighting but of “nation building,” often not of necessity but of choice. Based on secret documents, private emails, and interviews with more than one hundred key characters, including Petraeus, the tale unfolds against the backdrop of the wars against insurgents in Iraq and Afghanistan. But the main insurgency is the one mounted at home by ambitious, self-consciously intellectual officers—Petraeus, John Nagl, H. R. McMaster, and others—many of them classmates or colleagues in West Point’s Social Science Department who rose through the ranks, seized with an idea of how to fight these wars better. Amid the crisis, they forged a community (some of them called it a cabal or mafia) and adapted their enemies’ techniques to overhaul the culture and institutions of their own Army. Fred Kaplan describes how these men and women maneuvered the idea through the bureaucracy and made it official policy. This is a story of power, politics, ideas, and personalities—and how they converged to reshape the twenty-first-century American military. But it is also a cautionary tale about how creative doctrine can harden into dogma, how smart strategists—today’s “best and brightest”—can win the battles at home but not the wars abroad. Petraeus and his fellow insurgents made the US military more adaptive to the conflicts of the modern era, but they also created the tools—and made it more tempting—for political leaders to wade into wars that they would be wise to avoid.

A New Division Of Labor

Autor: Andrew R. Hoehn
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833039628
File Size: 61,38 MB
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A new U.S. grand strategy has been emerging, one that requires not only resources but patience and commitment: the promotion of democracy and freedom abroad. The U.S. armed forces will continue to be among the myriad contributors necessary to achieve this goal. In the face of increasing complexity, changing tactics, and tight budgets, the defense establishment will need to change in multiple ways, yet must also not risk its historic strengths. This volume draws together and integrates insights derived from a wide range of research efforts undertaken at RAND over the past few years. Some of the observations include different ways to organize and employ forces and to divide labor among them, updated insights about the natures of likely future conflicts, the need to further improve information resources, and the value of fostering partnerships among the services and with allies. The authors also offer specific recommendations, such as a recommendation to the Air force to reevaluate its concepts for large-scale power projection.

Lessons Encountered

Autor: National Defense University (U.S.)
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160937033
File Size: 36,82 MB
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Historical Lessons from Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operations Iraqi Freedom and New Dawn in Iraq may appeal to senior officers and military science students This publication assesses the Long War, now in its 14th year. Forged in the fires of the 9/11 attacks, the war includes campaigns against al Qaeda, major conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, and operations in the Horn of Africa, the Republic of the Philippines, and globally, in the air and on the sea. This assessment proceeds from two guiding sets of questions about the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The core set of questions was suggested by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs: What did we gain? What did we lose? What costs did the United States pay for its response to 9/11, particularly from operations in Afghanistan and Iraq? How should the answers to these questions inform senior military leaders'' contributions to future national security and national military strategy? The second set of questions proceeds from the first: what are the strategic "lessons learned" (or "lessons encountered," as the British and the authors of this work prefer) of our experience in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in Afghanistan, and Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and New Dawn in Iraq. The book is divided in this manner: chapter one focuses on the early, pre-Surge years in both campaigns. Chapter two continues the chronological thread but focuses on assessment and adaptation in the Surges in Iraq and Afghanistan. Chapter three examines decision making at the national level and implementation. Chapter four discusses security force assistance, the coalition''s development of indigenous armies, and police forces. Chapter five analyzes the complex set of legal issues attendant to irregular conflict, including detention and interrogation policy. Chapter six develops the capstone conclusions of the study and isolates the most important lessons. Supporting these chapters are three annexes: one on the human and financial costs of war, and,for reference, two others on the key events in both campaigns. To orient the reader, the lessons encountered in these chapters are divided into a few functional areas: national-level decision making, unity of effort/unity of command, intelligence and understanding the operational environment, character of contemporary conflict, and security force assistance. This historical edited volume is intended for future senior officers, their advisors, and other national security decision makers. However, the content could also prove useful to students in joint professional military courses and military science classes that may qualify them for work in the field of strategy. The authors herein treat only the campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq, the largest U.S. efforts.The primary objective is intended to provide information and guidance to future senior officers, their advisors, and other national security decision makers. By derivation, it also can be a book for students in joint professional military education courses, which will qualify them to work in the field of strategy and military oriented civilians. While the book tends to focus on strategic decisions and developments of land wars among the people, it acknowledges that the status of the United States as a great power and the strength of its ground forces depend in large measure on the dominance of the U.S. Navy and U.S. Air Force in their respective domains. Audience: military senior officers, military advisors, national security decision makers, professors of military history and warfare Keywords: Long War, al Qaeda, Iraq, Afghanistan, military powers

Ending The U S War In Iraq

Autor: Richard R. Jr. Brennan
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833080482
File Size: 76,23 MB
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Ending the U.S. war in Iraq required redeploying 100,000 military and civilian personnel; handing off responsibility for 431 activities to the Iraqi government, U.S. embassy, USCENTCOM, or other U.S. government entities; and moving or transferring ownership of over a million pieces of property in accordance with U.S. and Iraqi laws, national policy, and DoD requirements. This book examines the planning and execution of this transition.

Oman S Foreign Policy Foundation And Practice

Autor: Majid Al-Khalili
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313352259
File Size: 23,88 MB
Format: PDF
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This is the first book in more than a decade to look systematically at the foundations and practices of Oman's foreign policy and its impact on the production and distribution of oil.

The Coin Conundrum

Autor: Thomas R. Mockaitis
ISBN: 9781387581054
File Size: 54,43 MB
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Counterinsurgency (COIN) has once again become the subject of contentious debate within the U.S. Army. Its supporters insist that the new approach enshrined in the U.S. Army/Marine Corps Field Manual (FM) 3-24, Counterinsurgency, led coalition forces to turn the tide of the campaign in Iraq. Critics argue that the surge and the end of the Shia uprising, not COIN, led to the dramatic decline in violence from 2006-2009. The failure of the new approach in Afghanistan, they claim, supports their argument that expeditionary COIN does not work. How this debate gets resolved could have significant implications for U.S. Army force structure in a time of shrinking defense budgets. The author, Dr. Thomas R. Mockaitis, considers what role, if any, COIN should play in the Army of the future. He examines the U.S. military's historical experience with intrastate conflict as background for understanding the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. He then reviews the current debate over COIN...