Catalytic Naphtha Reforming Revised And Expanded

Autor: George J. Antos
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824757122
File Size: 70,29 MB
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Catalytic Naphtha Reforming, Second Edition presents modern, crystal-clear explanations of every aspect of this critical process for generating high-octane reformate products for gasoline blending and production of benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX) aromatics. The book details the chemistry of naphtha reforming, the preparation and characterization of catalysts, and the very latest commercial technologies and industrial applications. With more than 300 tables and figures, it addresses the development of new catalysts and revamp process improvements propelled by regulations on sulfur, benzene, and oxygenate content in gasoline and refinery pressure to maximize utilization of existing assets.

Industrial Solvents Handbook Revised And Expanded

Autor: Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203911334
File Size: 33,32 MB
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Keeping pace with current trends in solvent production, this volume builds upon its previous edition with broader coverage of safe handling practices, health effects, physical properties, and chemical synthesis routes to some of the most important organic solvents used in the chemical and allied process industries. This handy reference features a glossary of solvent terminology and an easy-to-reference index of synonyms for chemicals and solvents. The Second Edition features new and updated chapters on the major classes of organic solvents, descriptions for general use, and the chemical formulation, thermodynamic properties, health and toxicity, and combustible characteristics of solvents.

Clathrate Hydrates Of Natural Gases Second Edition Revised And Expanded

Autor: E. Dendy Sloan, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824799373
File Size: 37,96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Striking a balance between theoretical and experimental perspectives, this book presents a historical overview of clathrate hydrates and examines future trends, reviews crystal structures and properties, reveals industrial applications of clathrate hydrates in the production and processing of natural gas, discusses hydrate kinetics and elucidates the current status of hydrate time dependence, analyzes time-independent phase equilibria, and more. With nearly 300 tables and illustrations, the book is a practical guide for chemical, design, process, petroleum, and mechanical engineers; chemists and geochemists; geologists; geophysicists; and graduate-level students in these disciplines.

Advances In Catalysis

Autor:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128003006
File Size: 21,73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Advances in Catalysis fills the gap between the journal papers and the textbooks across the diverse areas of catalysis research. For more than 60 years Advances in Catalysis has been dedicated to recording progress in the field of catalysis and providing the scientific community with comprehensive and authoritative reviews. This series is invaluable to chemical engineers and chemists working in the field of catalysis in academia or industry. Authoritative reviews written by experts in the field Topics selected to reflect progress of the field Insightful and critical articles, fully edited to suit various backgrounds

Clathrate Hydrates Of Natural Gases Third Edition

Autor: E. Dendy Sloan, Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420008494
File Size: 16,92 MB
Format: PDF
Read: 1336
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Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas clathrate hydrates. What’s New in the Third Edition? This new edition of a bestseller offers updated information on the clathrate hydrate compounds discovered in the past decade, provides a balance between experimental and theoretical perspectives, and incorporates two software programs that can be downloaded from the CRC press website. It also presents case studies on low dosage hydrate inhibitor prevention and hydrate drilling in nature, phase equilibrium data and kinetic models, and descriptions of the paradigm change in flow assurance to risk management. Other new material discusses the paradigm transition from hydrate reservoir assessment to reservoir production and summarizes the in situ conditions for hydrates in the permafrost and oceans. With this modern account of clathrate hydrates, you will acquire a fresh perspective on both new and old theories and data, hopefully leading you to pursue exciting research directions and practical applications.

Interfacial Properties Of Petroleum Products

Autor: Lilianna Z. Pillon
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420051018
File Size: 31,25 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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With mounting pressure to extract petroleum from oil sands and other unconventional sources, oil refineries must adapt their processing methods to handle increasingly heavy crude oils. Unlike traditional crude oils, the properties of heavier crude oils include higher viscosity, metal, salt, and acid content. This causes their interfacial properties to deteriorate, leading to problems such as sedimentation, foaming, emulsification, rust, and corrosion—all of which make the manufacture, transportation, and storage of petroleum products more difficult. Interfacial Properties of Petroleum Products examines conventional and non-conventional processing techniques for crude oils and documents their effects on the composition and properties of petroleum products at the oil/solid, oil/air, oil/water and oil/metal interfaces. Focusing on surface activity, the author examines the undesirable effects of processes such as solvent extraction, desalting, dewaxing, catalyst deactivation, and hydroprocessing as well as trace element and water contamination. With each process, the author presents methods for improving interfacial properties, including the use of surface-active additives, demulsifiers, antifoaming agents, and corrosion/rust inhibitors. A distinctive and up-to-date source of materials published together for the first time, Interfacial Properties of Petroleum Products will help engineers design more cost-effective and resource-efficient processing methods for heavier crude oils, based on the properties of the crude oil extracted.

Handbook Of Refinery Desulfurization

Autor: Nour Shafik El-Gendy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466596724
File Size: 19,37 MB
Format: PDF
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Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization describes the operation of the various desulfurization process units in a petroleum refinery. It also explains the processes that produce raw materials for the petrochemical industry. It illustrates all the possible processes to lower the sulfur contents in petroleum and its fractions to decrease emissions of sulfur oxides. This book introduces you to desulfurization concepts, including biodesulfurization, as well as technology, giving guidance on how to accomplish desulfurization in various refining processes. It contains background chapters on the composition and evaluation of feedstocks and includes diagrams and tables of feedstocks and their respective produce. It also outlines how to decide which method should be employed to remove sulfur from different feedstocks. A practical and thorough discussion of the field, Handbook of Refinery Desulfurization gives you a strong grasp of the various processes involved with industrial desulfurization while giving you pointers on which procedures to use under certain conditions.

Handbook Of Petroleum Processing

Autor: David S. J. Jones
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402028199
File Size: 32,98 MB
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This handbook describes and discusses the features that make up the petroleum refining industry. It begins with a description of the crude oils and their nature, and continues with the saleable products from the refining processes, with a review of the environmental impact. There is a complete overview of the processes that make up the refinery with a brief history of those processes. It also describes design technique, operation, and, in the case of catalytic units, the chemistry of the reaction routes. These discussions are supported by calculation procedures and examples, sufficient to enable input to modern computer simulation packages.

Modeling And Simulation Of Catalytic Reactors For Petroleum Refining

Autor: Jorge Ancheyta
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118002162
File Size: 80,24 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Modeling and Simulation of Catalytic Reactors for Petroleum Refining deals with fundamental descriptions of the main conversion processes employed in the petroleum refining industry: catalytic hydrotreating, catalytic reforming, and fluid catalytic cracking. Common approaches for modeling of catalytic reactors for steady-state and dynamic simulations are also described and analyzed. Aspects such as thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, process variables, process scheme, and reactor design are discussed in detail from both research and commercial points of view. Results of simulation with the developed models are compared with those determined at pilot plant scale as well as commercial practice. Kinetics data used in the reactor model are either taken from the literature or obtained under controlled experiments at the laboratory.