Carbohydrate Bioengineering

Autor: S.B. Petersen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080528519
File Size: 41,84 MB
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The Carbohydrate Bioengineering Meeting held in Elsinore, Denmark, April 23-26, 1995, gathered 230 scientists, mostly from Europe, with interest in carbohydrate analysis and structure; carbohydrates in medicine and glycopathology; structure, function, application, and protein engineering of carbohydrate active enzymes; oligo- and polysaccharides of industrial interest; and production of carbohydrate containing new materials. The first chapters address glycoconjugates as modulatory and recognition molecules, structure determination using NMR and mass spectrometry, and microdialysis-chip enzyme-based sensors. Active site mutations coupled with crystal structures and synthetic substrate analogue interactions as well as new three-dimensional structures and binding domains for biotechnological applications are included in the chapters. Carbohydrate active enzymes turned out to be a predominant topic. The rapid development in glycobiology and glycotechnology has resulted in an enormous increase in our knowledge on the structure conversion, and application of carbohydrates in industry and medicine.

Enzymes In Farm Animal Nutrition

Autor: Michael Richard Bedford
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851993935
File Size: 35,97 MB
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This book contains 16 chapters by individual authors reviewing feed enzymes within the context of their mode of action, interaction with intestinal physiology, economic and environmental impacts, and application of the technology to the diets of various livestock species.

Recent Advances In Carbohydrate Bioengineering

Autor: H. J. Gilbert
ISBN: 9780854047741
File Size: 52,29 MB
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Presents 32 papers originating from the lectures given at the April 1999 meeting. The papers examine the use of the catalytic, structural, and biological roles of carbohydrate modifying enzymes in the pharmaceutical, food, and agricultural industries. Important topics discussed include a glycosidase-catalyzed approach to oligosaccharide synthesis, the biochemistry of the enzymes, the solving of the three dimensional structures of glycoside hydrolases and transferases, the field of non-catalytic polysaccharide binding modules, and the use of enzymes in the generation of industrially useful saccharides.

Biotechnology For Environmental Management And Resource Recovery

Autor: Ramesh Chander Kuhad
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8132208765
File Size: 59,52 MB
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Various types of secondary agriculture and forestry wastes represent valuable resource materials for developing alternate energy as biofuels and other value added products such as sugars, phenols, furans, organic acids, enzymes and digestible animal feed etc. However, if not managed properly, waste material and environmental contaminants generated by various industries such as food and feed, pulp and paper and textile may lead to severe environmental pollution. The energy, food and feed demand necessitate developing simple and economically viable technologies for environmental management and resource recovery. Microorganisms and their enzymes contribute significantly in utilization of plant residues, resource recovery and eventually in pollution mitigation. “Biotechnology for Environmental Management and Resource Recovery” presents a comprehensive review of selected research topics in a compendium of 16 chapters related to environmental pollution control and developing biotechnologies in agro-ecosystem management and bioconversion of agro-residues (lignocellulosics) into biofuels, animal feed and paper etc. This book provides a valuable resource for reference and text material to graduate and postgraduate students, researchers, scientists working in the area of microbiology, biotechnology, and environmental science and engineering.

Enzymes For Carbohydrate Engineering

Autor: K.-H. Park
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080544595
File Size: 77,60 MB
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This book describes the recent developments in enzymology in carbohydrate engineering based on modern sciences and technology, collected from recent symposia on agricultural biotechnology. It builds a bridge between basic knowledge and biotechnology in the field of carbohydrate chemistry and enzymology. The fundamental research and application of carbohydrate enzymes to agricultural biotechnology, concentrating on the structures and biochemical properties of various enzymes, and their production and application in plant and food is extensively described. This book will provide the reader with the most up-to-date information on development of enzymology in carbohydrate engineering.

Biotechnology In The Pulp And Paper Industry

Autor: L. Viikari
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080528175
File Size: 29,53 MB
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This book covers both basic and applied sciences in a rather specified area of pulp and paper manufacture. The basic science of lignocellulose enzymology and plant genetics is covered also in many other contexts, whereas the application of biotechnology in process and product development is thoroughly reviewed. All the latest advances as well as new ideas of the research field are covered. This book will serve as an updated and compact information package of biotechnical aspects and the most recent advances of the pulp and paper industry sector.

High Pressure Bioscience And Biotechnology

Autor: Claude Balny
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080544618
File Size: 54,75 MB
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For many years, pressure was disregarded by biochemists. Today, there is a growing interest in pressure as a variable acting on biosystems. The activities that are currently of interest to scientists working in the field of High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology have been well presented in this volume, with topics ranging from physical biochemistry, microbiology, molecular biology and food science to industrial application. The editors have been successful in promoting the possibility of applying pressure in specific biotechnological areas, not only for food processing but also for biotechnology in general. These proceedings present an up-to-date view of high pressure research and will contribute to future developments in this field.

Biotechnology Organizations In Action

Autor: J. Norus
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080528168
File Size: 33,41 MB
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This volume analyzes the dynamics and interactive processes among the players (individuals, institutions, and organizations/firms) that have constituted and legitimized the development of the biotechnology industries. The unit of analysis is small entrepreneurial firms developing biotechnological products and processes. What types of strategies are small entrepreneurs pursuing in order to create markets for their new products and processes, and how have specific strategies emerged? The primary interest is the network process through which the technological field and the development of institutions and routines evolve and co-evolve. The theoretical contribution of the book is its focus on the development of the concept of networks. From being regarded as a relative static concept the book transforms the concept into a dynamic concept of networking. The dynamic view on the creation and development of new technologies through network formations is linked to the concept of strategy that is used throughout the book. Hence the strategies are developed along with the creation of technological knowledge, and it is hoped that the diffusion of this specific knowledge will bring new actors into the technological arena or community. This book will be useful to the academic community, those studying the formation of networks, strategic management, organizational behavior, and management of technology, as well as business observers with a specific interest in the evolution of the biotechnology industry.

Food Biotechnology

Autor: S. Bielecki
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080531816
File Size: 49,79 MB
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Food biotechnologists are expected to satisfy many requirements related to health benefits, sensory properties and possible long term effects associated with the consumption of food produced via modern biotechnology. The broad selection of papers contained in this book are grouped into the following four chapters; GMO in Food Biotechnology, Food Process and Food Products, Measurements and Quality Control, Legal and Social Aspects of Food Biotechnology. Special attention has focused on plant biotechnology during the last decade because transgenic plants can offer an increase in crop yield and are very economical sources of proteins and other products for industrial, pharmaceutical, veterinary and agricultural use. The content of this book covers many aspects of food biotechnology and presents the main trends and interdisciplinary information in this area.

Cellulose Derivatives

Autor: Thomas Heinze
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
File Size: 64,90 MB
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With contributions from many of the leaders in the field, this volume describes polysaccharide derivatives and new methods with unusual derivatives. It also highlights methods for modifying cellulose, nature's most abundant polymer, to make it accessible for numerous materials and products.