Speculation  : A History of the Fine Line between Gambling and Investing

Speculation : A History Of The Fine Line Between Gambling And Investing

by Stuart Banner
3.71 of 5 Votes: 4
ISBN
0190623055
Pages
288 Pages
Published
Oxford University Press , 01.12.2016
Publisher
Oxford University Press
What is the difference between gambling and speculation? This difficult question has posed a legal problem throughout American history. Many have argued that periodic failures by regulators to differentiate between the two have been the proximate causes of catastrophic economic downturns, including the Great Depression and the 2008 global financial crisis. In Speculation, Stuart Banner provides a sweeping history of how the fine lines separating investment, speculation, and outright gambling have shaped America from the 1790s to the present. Advocates for risky investments have long argued that risk-taking is what defines America. On the other side, critics counter that unregulated speculation results in bubbles that draw in the most ill-informed investors, creating financial chaos. The debate has been a perennial feature of American history. The Panic of 1837, the speculative boom of the roaring twenties, and the real estate bubble of the early 2000s are all emblematic of the difficulty in differentiating sober from reckless speculation. Some, chastened by the most recent crash, argue that we need to prohibit certain risky transactions, but others respond by citing the benefits of loosely governed markets and the dangers of over-regulation. Economic crises have generated deep ambivalence, yet Americans' faith in investment and the stock market has always rebounded quickly after even the most savage downturns. Speculation explores a suite of themes that sit at the heart of American history-the ability of courts and regulators to protect ordinary Americans from the ravages of capitalism; the periodic fallibility of the American economy; and the moral conundrum inherent in profiting from speculation while condemning speculators. Banner's engaging and accessible history is invaluable not only for understanding the fault lines beneath the American economy today, but American identity itself.

Stuart Banner is Professor of Law, UCLA, and author of How the Indians Lost their Land, American Property (Harvard), The Death Penalty, Possessing the Pacific, Who Owns the Sky?, Anglo-American Securities Regulation, and The Baseball Trust. He is based in Los Angeles, CA.